Evaluation of the effects of platelet-rich fibrin, concentrated growth factors, and autologous fibrin glue application on wound healing following gingivectomy and gingivoplasty operations: a randomized controlled clinical trial
Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985). 2022;53(4):328-341
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), concentrated growth factors (CGF), and autologous fibrin glue (AFG) application on early wound healing after gingivectomy and gingivoplasty operations. METHOD AND MATERIALS In this split-mouth study, gingivectomy and gingivoplasty surgery were performed on 19 patients. The postoperative PRF, CGF, and AFG applied areas were compared with the control regions. On days 0, 7, 14, and 28, the surgical area was stained with a plaque-disclosing agent and evaluated in the ImageJ program. Wound healing was evaluated with H2O2 test, visual analog scale for pain, and Landry, Turnbull, and Howley (LTH) wound healing index on days 7, 14, and 28. The patients were asked to evaluate their esthetic perceptions on a visual analog scale. RESULTS The amount of staining at days 7 and 14 was found to be significantly higher in the control group than in the test groups, but there was no difference between the test groups. LTH index values of the control group at days 7, 14, and 28 were found to be significantly lower than the test groups. There was no significant difference between the groups in the epithelialization assessment performed with the H2O2 test. It was observed that the use of platelet concentrate at day 7 reduced postoperative early pain. Patients were highly satisfied with postoperative esthetics. CONCLUSION After gingivectomy and gingivoplasty operations, PRF, CGF, and AFG application were found to have positive effects on wound healing. However, PRF, CGF, and AFG applications were not superior to each other in terms of secondary wound healing.
Effect of an "Autogenous Leukocyte Platelet-Rich Fibrin Tooth Graft" Combination around Immediately Placed Implants in Periodontally Compromised Sites: A Randomized Clinical Trial
International journal of dentistry. 2022;2022:4951455
OBJECTIVE Autogenous tooth bone graft (ATBG) was suggested as a source for bone grafting materials, especially as they have similar chemical composition to bone. This study goal was to assess the clinical and radiographic consequences of ATBG with or without L-PRF on bone deposition around immediate implants placed in periodontally hopeless sites. MATERIALS AND METHODS 26 patients, with periodontally diseased teeth, underwent random assignment to receive the surgical protocol either with L-PRF over ATBG around immediately inserted implants (test group) or without it (control group). Clinical examination was observed. Radiographically, bone changes horizontally and vertically to determine marginal bone loss (MBL) and mesiodistal bone changes were made at the base line and 6 and 9 months after implant insertion. Statistical analysis utilizing paired Student's t-test was used for comparing results within the same group, whereas an independent-sample t-test was used for intergroup variable comparison. RESULTS All implants met the criteria of success without any complications at the follow-up period. Nonsignificant differences were detected between horizontal bone alterations in both groups at 6 and 9 months (P > .001). The test group showed statistically significant lower MBL than the control group (P < .001). The mesiodistal bone gain in the test group was significantly higher than that of the control group at the 6-month period (P < .001). The mesiodistal bone loss in the control group was significantly higher than that of the test group at the 9-month period (P < .001). CONCLUSION The ATBG- L-PRF combination therapy enhances new bone formation and appeared to be a favorable procedure with immediate implant placement, particularly in severe periodontitis cases.
Efficacy of Bovine Hydroxyapatite and Collagen Along With Platelet-Rich Fibrin as a Scaffold and Human Chorion as a Membrane for Ridge Preservation: A Case-Control Study
AIM: The present study aims to determine the efficacy of bovine hydroxyapatite and collagen (G-graft) mixed with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) used as a scaffold and chorion membrane as a barrier in post-extraction sockets with extraction sites alone. METHODS AND MATERIAL Thirty individuals were randomly assigned into two groups. In the control group, after debridement of the extracted tooth socket, no additional treatment was done. In the test group, after debridement of the extracted tooth socket, the sockets were filled with bovine hydroxyapatite and collagen (G-graft) mixed with PRF. They were covered by a chorion membrane, and a non-absorbable suture material was used to secure the membrane in place. Clinical parameters assessed were plaque index, gingival index, buccolingual width, buccal bone plate height, and lingual bone plate height at baseline and at six months. RESULTS Clinically, there was a more significant reduction in the buccolingual width of the control group than the test group after six months. A statistically significant difference between the two groups for vertical ridge height at the mesial and distal socket sites was observed. No statistically significant difference in buccal and lingual bone plate height was observed between the two groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Both groups showed a significant reduction in the Buccolingual width, but it was less in the ridge preservation group. Thus, the use of G-graft with PRF and chorion membrane was highly effective in ridge preservation. Key messages: Natural bovine bone mineral, along with PRF and chorion as a membrane, can be utilized effectively for ridge preservation in extracted tooth sockets due to periodontal disease.
Efficacy of intralesional injections of platelet-rich plasma in patients with oral lichen planus: A pilot randomized clinical trial
Clinical and experimental dental research. 2022
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical efficacy of intralesional platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections compared to intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injections in the treatment of erosive oral lichen planus (EOLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty patients with EOLP were assigned randomly to either PRP or TA group. Patients received weekly intralesional injections for 4 weeks, and then followed up for 3 months on regular visits every 2 weeks. Pain scores using numerical pain score and clinical score were recorded by a blinded assessor each visit for all patients and remission score at the end of the trial was recorded. RESULTS Both groups showed significant improvement in the clinical parameters (pain and clinical score) "p = .001." Regarding remission of the lesions, 80% of patients in the PRP group showed complete remission compared to 70% in the TA group. However, there is no statistical significance when comparing the two groups in pain score, clinical score, or remission. CONCLUSIONS PRP injections could be considered as an effective alternative single treatment modality for EOLP. The protocol for this study registered in Clinicaltrials.gov registry under the identifier number: NCT03293368.
Histological Examination of Retrieved ePTFE Membranes Following Regenerative Surgery of Intrabony Defects Treated with Platelet-rich Plasma and Bone Substitutes
Oral health & preventive dentistry. 2022;20(1):133-140
PURPOSE Regenerative periodontal therapy using platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and bone substitutes with guided tissue regeneration (GTR) have been proposed as a therapeutic method to enhance the outcome of regenerative surgery. This includes light microscopic evaluation of retrieved ePTFE membranes to assess formation of new connective tissue attachment, and following the regeneration process. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the histological findings of retrieved ePTFE membranes using PRP and bone substitutes, the effect of PRP on graft materials, and the correlation of the findings with the clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seventy-two (72) patients with chronic periodontitis, each of whom had one deep intrabony defect, were randomly included in two studies and treated using the same type of membrane and different bone substitutes. In the first study, 17 cases were treated with a natural bone mineral and a non-resorbable membrane (NBM + GTR), and 17 cases were treated with PRP + NBM + GTR. In the second study, 19 patients were treated with β-tricalcium phosphate and a non-resorbable membrane (β-TCP + GTR), and 19 patients were treated with PRP + β-TCP + GTR. In both studies, tissue integration of the retrieved ePTFE membranes and attached remnants were evaluated histologically. RESULTS Histological scores showed that membranes combined with NBM are better integrated than membranes combined with β-TCP; the difference between the two decreased with the addition of PRP. The application of PRP had no significant effect on the quality of membrane integration combined with NBM, whilst significantly improving the integration quality when combined with β-TCP. No correlations were detected between the histological scores and the clinical attachment level (CAL) gain in any of the groups. CONCLUSIONS The present results indicate that: a) application of β-TCP and PRP may enhance membrane integration and periodontal healing, and b) histological examination of retrieved membranes may provide valuable additional information with regard to the clinical findings.
Growth factor membranes in treatment of multiple gingival recessions: a randomized clinical trial
Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985). 2022;53(4):288-297
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the clinical effects of concentrated growth factor (CGF) in combination with coronally advanced flap (CAF) compared with platelet rich fibrin (PRF)+CAF for the treatment of multiple adjacent gingival recessions (GRs). METHOD AND MATERIALS 18 subjects with total of 76 Type I GRs in the maxilla were included. Recessions were randomly treated according to a split-mouth design by means of CGF+CAF (39 defects, CGF side), or PRF+CAF (37 defects, PRF side). Clinical outcomes were evaluated at 6 months. RESULTS The mean root coverage was 86.32% and 80.86%, and complete root coverage was 61.53% (24/39) and 51.35% (19/37) for CGF side and PRF side, respectively, at 6 months. Statistically significant gains were observed in the terms of clinical attachment level, recession depth, keratinized gingiva width, gingival thickness, and recession width in the both sides at 6 months compared to baseline values; no statistically significant difference was observed in these parameters between the two sides at 6 months. CONCLUSIONS According to results, the use of CGF+CAF was not superior to PRF+CAF in providing additional benefits in clinical parameters. Keratinized gingiva width and gingival thickness significantly increased with the use of CGF and PRF membranes together with CAF.
Effectiveness of the Fibrinogen-Thrombin-Impregnated Collagen Patch in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications after Parotidectomy: A Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Study
Journal of clinical medicine. 2022;11(3)
We investigated whether a fibrinogen-thrombin collagen sponge patch reduces postoperative complications of parotid gland surgery. This single-blinded, randomized controlled study included 165 patients who underwent parotid surgery for benign tumors (2018-2019) at a tertiary center. Primary outcomes were postoperative drain amount, days until drain removal, and discharge. Patients were scheduled for follow-up at 1 and 4 weeks, and 3 months after surgery. Complications including surgical site infection, pain, seroma, sialocele, salivary fistula, facial nerve palsy, Frey's syndrome with subjective symptoms, and facial asymmetry were analyzed. After identifying confounding variables, multivariate approaches were used. Histologic analysis was performed in a mouse model of salivary gland surgery. In total, 162 patients (77, fibrinogen-thrombin collagen patch group; 85, controls) were included, with no significant between-group differences other than resected tissue. Among postoperative total drain amount and days until drain removal and discharge, the only postoperative total drain was significantly lower in the patch group than in the control group in the adjusted model. Additionally, although validation through robust trials with longer follow-up is needed, we found the potential benefit of the fibrinogen patch on Frey's syndrome and facial asymmetry. In conclusion, fibrinogen-thrombin-impregnated collagen patches in parotidectomy can reduce postoperative drainage and improve outcomes.
Effect of plasma rich in growth factors on quality of life following mandibular third molar removal: a double-blind randomized controlled trial
International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 2022
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) on patient- and clinician-reported outcomes following mandibular third molar removal. Seventy-four patients requiring surgical removal of a unilateral impacted mandibular third molar under local anaesthesia were recruited into the study. PRGF was prepared for all patients irrespective of study arm allocation. Reviews were conducted 3 days (T1) and 7 days (T2) postoperatively. Primary outcome measures were pain (numerical rating scale, NRS), OHIP-14 (Oral Health Impact Profile-14), and postoperative symptom severity scale (PoSSe) data. Secondary outcome measures including mouth opening, dry socket, socket healing, and analgesic consumption were also explored. The statistical analysis was performed using analysis of covariance and the χ(2) test. NRS pain scores were higher in the PRGF group at T1, demonstrating borderline significance (mean difference 1.0; P = 0.06), with no difference at T2. PoSSe scores did not differ between the groups, with the exception of the 'interference with daily activities' subscale at T1, where PRGF group patients scored 1.2 units higher (P = 0.02). OHIP-14 scores demonstrated a 25% increased likelihood of PRGF patients reporting discomfort on eating at T1 (P = 0.02), with no statistical significance at T2. Secondary outcomes did not differ between the groups. No difference in clinical or quality of life outcomes was observed for patients receiving adjunctive PRGF in third molar sockets.
A comparative evaluation of the effect of platelet rich fibrin matrix with and without peripheral blood mesenchymal stem cells on dental implant stability: A randomized controlled clinical trial
Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. 2022
Technological advances in the field of implantology have led to the concept of surface modifications to enhance implant stability by utilization of current concepts of tissue engineering and materials such as platelet concentrates and stem cells. The purpose of the present randomized controlled clinical trial was to evaluate and compare the effect of platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) with and without peripheral blood mesenchymal stem cells (PBMSCs) on implant stability; by assessing the bone to implant contact (BIC) using resonance frequency analysis (RFA), insertion torque and also to establish and correlate the same with implant stability quotient (ISQ). A total of 15 patients with 30 sites ensuring a minimum of two dental implants adjacently placed in an edentulous area; with the age group of 25-50 years of both the sexes were categorized into Group 1 (dental implant with PRFM) and Group 2 (dental implant with PBMSCs embedded in PRFM). Insertion torque values at the time of dental implant placement and ISQ using RFA was recorded at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months post operatively. There was no significant difference (p = 0.81) in Insertion torque values between both the groups (G1 and G2). Platelet rich fibrin matrix along with PBMSCs enhanced implant stability as higher and statistically significant ISQ values were noted at 1 week (p = 0.18), 1 month (p ≤ 0.001), and 3 months (p ≤ 0.001) intervals in the G2 group. Platelet rich fibrin matrix and PBMSCs showed promising results as a potential regenerative material for increasing and enhancing BIC and hence implant stability.
Treatment of temporomandibular joint disc displacement using arthrocentesis combined with injectable platelet rich fibrin versus arthrocentesis alone
Journal of dental sciences. 2022;17(1):468-475
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Temporomandibular joint disc displacement is the most frequently reported temporomandibular disorder that may severely impair quality of life and can be challenging to treat. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficiency of intra-articular injection of injectable platelet rich fibrin (i-PRF) following arthrocentesis or arthrocentesis alone in treatment of patients with TMJ disc displacement with reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty patients for a total of forty joints with reducible anterior disc displacement, as confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) were selected and divided into 2 equal groups. In group I (control group), arthrocentesis alone was performed with Ringer solution. In group II (study group), a combination of arthrocentesis and intra-articular injection with 1.5 ml i-PRF was performed. The outcome variables included pain intensity evaluated with a visual analogue scale, inter-incisal opening, lateral movement evaluated in millimeters, and clicking. Assessments were done pre-operatively, and 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS There was statistically significant reduction in pain intensity and clicking sound and increase in mouth opening and lateral movement in i-PRF group when compared to arthrocentesis group. In addition, the differences between preoperative and postoperative status in all the measured parameters were statistically significant within the study and the control group throughout the postoperative period. CONCLUSION The combination of i-PRF with arthrocentesis is a safe and effective method in the treatment of TMJ disc displacement with reduction.