Efficacy of intralesional injections of platelet-rich plasma in patients with oral lichen planus: A pilot randomized clinical trial
Clinical and experimental dental research. 2022
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical efficacy of intralesional platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections compared to intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (TA) injections in the treatment of erosive oral lichen planus (EOLP). MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty patients with EOLP were assigned randomly to either PRP or TA group. Patients received weekly intralesional injections for 4 weeks, and then followed up for 3 months on regular visits every 2 weeks. Pain scores using numerical pain score and clinical score were recorded by a blinded assessor each visit for all patients and remission score at the end of the trial was recorded. RESULTS Both groups showed significant improvement in the clinical parameters (pain and clinical score) "p = .001." Regarding remission of the lesions, 80% of patients in the PRP group showed complete remission compared to 70% in the TA group. However, there is no statistical significance when comparing the two groups in pain score, clinical score, or remission. CONCLUSIONS PRP injections could be considered as an effective alternative single treatment modality for EOLP. The protocol for this study registered in Clinicaltrials.gov registry under the identifier number: NCT03293368.
Comparative evaluation of implant stability with and without autologous platelet-rich fibrin prior to prosthetic loading - A split-mouth randomized clinical trial
Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology. 2022;26(2):137-142
CONTEXT Status of bone-implant interface or osseointegration can be assessed by using resonance frequency analysis (RFA), which measures implant stability. A modified implant surface can significantly enhance osseointegration and reduce healing period. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) consists of fibrin mesh with entrapped platelets and leukocytes that release a huge number of growth factors which contribute to wound healing and tissue regeneration. AIMS The present study aims to evaluate the effect of PRF on osseointegration in terms of implant stability. SETTINGS AND DESIGN This was a split-mouth randomized clinical trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixty surgical sites were divided randomly into two groups. In Group 1 (thirty sites), PRF was placed in osteotomy sites before implant placement whereas no PRF was placed in Group 2 (thirty sites). Stability was measured using RFA in terms of implant stability quotient (ISQ) at baseline, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS Intergroup comparison was done using Mann-Whitney U-test. Intragroup comparison was done using Friedman's test followed by pairwise comparison using Wilcoxon signed-rank test. RESULTS On intergroup comparison, Group 1 showed higher values for ISQ which were statistically significant (P < 0.05) at 1 week and 1 month. No significant difference (P > 0.05) was found at baseline and 3 months. Intragroup comparison and further pairwise comparison revealed a highly significant difference for values between all pairs of time intervals (P < 0.01) with higher values at 3 months. CONCLUSIONS PRF has a significant effect on osseointegration of dental implants during the early healing period prior to loading.
Treatment of temporomandibular joint disc displacement using arthrocentesis combined with injectable platelet rich fibrin versus arthrocentesis alone
Journal of dental sciences. 2022;17(1):468-475
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Temporomandibular joint disc displacement is the most frequently reported temporomandibular disorder that may severely impair quality of life and can be challenging to treat. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the efficiency of intra-articular injection of injectable platelet rich fibrin (i-PRF) following arthrocentesis or arthrocentesis alone in treatment of patients with TMJ disc displacement with reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty patients for a total of forty joints with reducible anterior disc displacement, as confirmed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) were selected and divided into 2 equal groups. In group I (control group), arthrocentesis alone was performed with Ringer solution. In group II (study group), a combination of arthrocentesis and intra-articular injection with 1.5 ml i-PRF was performed. The outcome variables included pain intensity evaluated with a visual analogue scale, inter-incisal opening, lateral movement evaluated in millimeters, and clicking. Assessments were done pre-operatively, and 1 week, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively. RESULTS There was statistically significant reduction in pain intensity and clicking sound and increase in mouth opening and lateral movement in i-PRF group when compared to arthrocentesis group. In addition, the differences between preoperative and postoperative status in all the measured parameters were statistically significant within the study and the control group throughout the postoperative period. CONCLUSION The combination of i-PRF with arthrocentesis is a safe and effective method in the treatment of TMJ disc displacement with reduction.
Evaluation of the Hyaluronic Acid Versus the Injectable Platelet-Rich Fibrin in the Management of the Thin Gingival Phenotype: A Split-Mouth Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Background Several procedures have been used to enhance thin gingival phenotype and the majority of these procedures have been surgical. A new minimally invasive approach that involved multiple injections of platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) to enhance the thin gingival phenotype has been proposed. As the hyaluronic acid (HA) and the i-PRF share similar properties in terms of promoting periodontal regeneration, the present trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of multiple injections of the i-PRF in patients with thin gingival phenotypes in comparison with those of the HA in increasing the gingival thickness (GT) and the keratinized tissue width (KTW). Materials and methods Eighty-four sites from 14 systematically healthy patients who had thin gingival phenotypes (GT ≤1 mm) were included in this split-mouth randomized controlled trial. For each patient, each side of the anterior mandible was randomly allocated to one of the two materials (HA or i-PRF). In the HA group, the selected sites of the gingiva were injected with cross-linked HA using a 30-gauge microneedle. In the i-PRF group, the i-PRF was injected in the same manner. This procedure was repeated in both groups three times with intervals of 7 days. The GT, KTW, and periodontal indices: gingival index (GI), bleeding on probing (BOP), and probing depth (PD) were measured at baseline, 1 month, and 3 months following the initial injection. Results The GT increased significantly in both groups at the three assessment times (p<0.001). The KTW also showed a statistically significant increase in the intragroup comparisons in both groups (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups at the three assessment times for the GT and the KTW (p>0.05). The GI significantly decreased after 1 month and 3 months compared to the baseline values in both groups (p<0.05). The intergroup comparisons for the GI revealed no statistically significant differences at the three assessment times (p>0.05). As for the BOP and the PD, no statistically significant differences were found between the three assessment times (p>0.05) and between the two groups at each assessment time (p>0.05). Conclusion Multiple injections of the i-PRF and the HA in the thin gingival phenotype resulted in an increased GT and increased KTW, with no statistically significant differences between the two methods. Both minimally invasive techniques were more effective in improving the GT rather than the KTW.
Evaluation of Platelet-Rich Fibrin Matrix as a Regenerative Material in the Surgical Management of Human Periodontal Intraosseous Defects - A Randomized Controlled Trial
Contemporary clinical dentistry. 2022;13(1):9-17
BACKGROUND Platelet-rich fibrin matrix (PRFM) has not been extensively studied as other platelet concentrates such as Choukron's platelet-rich fibrin (PRF). This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate PRFM regenerative ability in human periodontal intrabony defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen patients (age: 30-55 years) having probing pocket depth (PPD) ≥6 mm, and radiographic evidence of bilateral vertical intrabony defects were recruited. A split-mouth design was used in each patient; one quadrant of the arch was treated with open flap debridement (OFD) alone (control group) and the other quadrant with OFD + PRFM (test group). The PRFM was prepared by dual-spin technology using a patented thixotropic separator gel. Outcome measures comprising plaque index, gingival index (GI), PPD, clinical attachment level (CAL), depth of the defect, defect fill (DF), and percentage of DF (PDF) were recorded at baseline, after 3 months and 6 months. The parameters were applicably analyzed using the Friedman test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, paired t-test, repeated measures ANOVA, and Post Hoc-Bonferroni correction. RESULTS The GI, a net reduction in CAL, and PPD of the test group were significantly better than the control group at 3 months and 6 months (P < 0.05), while DF and PDF showed significant results at 6 months (P < 0.05). A consistent early wound healing index of 1 at 1 week was displayed in the test group (66.7%) in comparison to the control group (33.7%). CONCLUSION PRFM can be a clinically significant periodontal regenerative material in the treatment of vertical intraosseous defects.
Evaluation of the effect of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (I-PRF) in reducing the resorption of fat graft during facial lipostructure: A randomized clinical trial
Dental and medical problems. 2022;59(1):131-136
BACKGROUND Fat graft is considered to be the ideal material for soft tissue augmentation. However, its disadvantage are unpredictable outcomes due to variable resorption. OBJECTIVES This study is the first clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of adding injectable platelet-rich fibrin (I-PRF) to fat graft and to compare it with the conventional fat graft in terms of absorption rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was designed as a double-blind, split-face, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Twenty patients were randomly assigned with regard to the right or left nasolabial folds into 2 groups (n = 10 in each group): group A (fat graft only); and group B (fat graft with I-PRF). Surgical lipostructure was performed in accordance with the protocols described by Coleman. The adipose tissue was extracted from the umbilical region. Then, for the I-PRF preparation, peripheral venous blood was collected into plastic tubes. The follow-up recall visits took place after 1 and 12 months. Five investigators evaluated the preand post-surgical intervention photographs based on the Modified Fitzpatrick Wrinkle Scale (MFWS). RESULTS The nasolabial fold depth scores were recorded at each of the study phases: before the intervention (1); after 1 month (2); and after 12 months (3). There were statistically significant differences between the scores at various study phases in each group. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to detect differences between the 2 groups. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups regarding nasolabial fold depth 1 month after the intervention (p = 0.360). After 12 months, however, the patients in group A showed higher nasolabial fold depth scores as compared to group B; this difference was statistically significant (p = 0.000). CONCLUSIONS The study demonstrated the efficacy of I-PRF in reducing the resorption of fat graft, following facial lipostructure.
Comparison of the effects of remifentanil and dexmedetomidine on surgeon satisfaction with surgical field visualization and intraoperative bleeding during rhinoplasty
BMC anesthesiology. 2022;22(1):24
OBJECTIVE We aimed to compare the effect of dexmedetomidine with remifentanil on hemodynamic stability, surgical field quality, and surgeon satisfaction during rhinoplasty. METHODS AND MATERIALS In this double-blind randomized controlled-trial, 60 participants scheduled for rhinoplasty at the Mother and Child Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, was randomely divided into the dexmedetomidine group (IV infusion of 1 μg/kg dexmedetomidine over 20 min before induction of anesthesia then 0.6 μg/kg/hr. dexmedetomidine from the time of induction until the end of the operation) or in the the remifentanil group (an infusion rate of 0.25 μg/kg/min from the time of anesthesia induction until the end of the operation). Bleeding volume, surgeon satisfaction, postoperative pain (visual analog scale (VAS)), Level of sedation (Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS)), Patient satisfaction, Vital signs & recovery, and the Aldrete Score (used to discharge the patients from recovery) were measured for all participants. RESULTS The patients in the dexmedetomidine group had less bleeding (p = 0.047) and shorter time to return of respiration, extubation, and the postoperative recovery time (p < 0.001). The surgeon satisfaction was higher in the dexmedetomidine group (p < 0.001). Patient satisfaction was significantly different between the two groups (p < 0.001). VAS scores, intaking paracetamol, and RASS score were significantly lower in the remifentanil group (p < 0.001). SBP, DBP, MAP, and heart rate were lower in dexmedetomidine group. CONCLUSION Dexmedetomidine was associated with relatively stable hemodynamics, leading to decreased intraoperative bleeding, recovery time, and greater surgeon satisfaction and the level of consciousness in the recovery ward. However, painlessness and patient satisfaction were greater with the use of remifentanil. TRIAL REGISTRATION IRCT20141009019470N112 .
Effectiveness of the Fibrinogen-Thrombin-Impregnated Collagen Patch in the Prevention of Postoperative Complications after Parotidectomy: A Single-Blinded, Randomized Controlled Study
Journal of clinical medicine. 2022;11(3)
We investigated whether a fibrinogen-thrombin collagen sponge patch reduces postoperative complications of parotid gland surgery. This single-blinded, randomized controlled study included 165 patients who underwent parotid surgery for benign tumors (2018-2019) at a tertiary center. Primary outcomes were postoperative drain amount, days until drain removal, and discharge. Patients were scheduled for follow-up at 1 and 4 weeks, and 3 months after surgery. Complications including surgical site infection, pain, seroma, sialocele, salivary fistula, facial nerve palsy, Frey's syndrome with subjective symptoms, and facial asymmetry were analyzed. After identifying confounding variables, multivariate approaches were used. Histologic analysis was performed in a mouse model of salivary gland surgery. In total, 162 patients (77, fibrinogen-thrombin collagen patch group; 85, controls) were included, with no significant between-group differences other than resected tissue. Among postoperative total drain amount and days until drain removal and discharge, the only postoperative total drain was significantly lower in the patch group than in the control group in the adjusted model. Additionally, although validation through robust trials with longer follow-up is needed, we found the potential benefit of the fibrinogen patch on Frey's syndrome and facial asymmetry. In conclusion, fibrinogen-thrombin-impregnated collagen patches in parotidectomy can reduce postoperative drainage and improve outcomes.
The effects of lyophilised platelet-rich plasma in third molar extraction sockets and its surrounding tissues
Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2022;17(2):289-296
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of repeated placement of quantified lyophilised platelet-rich plasma (LPRP) on the soft and hard tissue components. METHODS Lyophilised platelet-rich plasma was topically placed, and later injected, into fresh sockets using the third molar surgical model, randomised according to the split-mouth approach. The control site received placebo. The application of LPRP was done intraoperatively, one month and two months postoperatively. The measured endpoints included post-operative pain, swelling, trismus, pocket depth at mid-distal adjacent second molar, soft tissue healing, and bone formation (which was assessed radiographically). Fifteen healthy young adults, aged between 21 and 35 years, visiting the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic at the University of Malaya were recruited for this study. RESULTS There was no significant difference in post-operative pain, swelling size, trismus, and bone healing within their specific timelines during this study. However, the LPRP group showed significant reduction in pocket depth at the two-month post-operative period, suggesting that LPRP improves soft tissue healing. CONCLUSION Soft tissue healing, measured as the change of periodontal pocket depth, showed significant reduction, suggesting the benefit of LPRP for soft tissue healing. However, bone regeneration and reduction of post-operative sequelae showed no improvement even after quantification and repeated LPRP application.
Efficacy of Bovine Hydroxyapatite and Collagen Along With Platelet-Rich Fibrin as a Scaffold and Human Chorion as a Membrane for Ridge Preservation: A Case-Control Study
AIM: The present study aims to determine the efficacy of bovine hydroxyapatite and collagen (G-graft) mixed with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) used as a scaffold and chorion membrane as a barrier in post-extraction sockets with extraction sites alone. METHODS AND MATERIAL Thirty individuals were randomly assigned into two groups. In the control group, after debridement of the extracted tooth socket, no additional treatment was done. In the test group, after debridement of the extracted tooth socket, the sockets were filled with bovine hydroxyapatite and collagen (G-graft) mixed with PRF. They were covered by a chorion membrane, and a non-absorbable suture material was used to secure the membrane in place. Clinical parameters assessed were plaque index, gingival index, buccolingual width, buccal bone plate height, and lingual bone plate height at baseline and at six months. RESULTS Clinically, there was a more significant reduction in the buccolingual width of the control group than the test group after six months. A statistically significant difference between the two groups for vertical ridge height at the mesial and distal socket sites was observed. No statistically significant difference in buccal and lingual bone plate height was observed between the two groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS Both groups showed a significant reduction in the Buccolingual width, but it was less in the ridge preservation group. Thus, the use of G-graft with PRF and chorion membrane was highly effective in ridge preservation. Key messages: Natural bovine bone mineral, along with PRF and chorion as a membrane, can be utilized effectively for ridge preservation in extracted tooth sockets due to periodontal disease.