The effectiveness of using platelet-rich concentrate with iliac bone graft in the repair of alveolar cleft: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 2023
The purpose of this study was to review the existing evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effect of autogenous bone grafts combined with a platelet-rich concentrate on alveolar clefts. An electronic search was conducted in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases for studies published between January 2000 and April 2022. This study included six RCTs to evaluate bone quantity (bone formation ratio, %) and quality (bone density in Hounsfield units, HU), as well as complications as a way to assess the safety of the technique. Two independent reviewers assessed the risk of bias. There was no statistically significant difference in bone formation ratio at 6 months of follow-up between the use of autologous bone alone for alveolar bone grafting or adding platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (mean difference (MD) 14.33%, 95% confidence interval (CI) - 7.19% to 35.85%; P = 0.196) or platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) (MD 9.38%, 95% CI -2.36% to 21.12%; P = 0.123) to autologous bone. The MD for the change in bone density at 6 months was in favour of PRP added to autologous bone graft (MD 155.69 HU, 95% CI 99.29-212.09 HU; P < 0.001); however, this result was based on only two studies, one of which had a high risk of bias. Patients who received autologous bone graft with PRP were significantly less likely to experience complications (odds ratio (OR) 0.21, 95% CI 0.05-0.92; P = 0.038), but this was no longer statistically significant after a sensitivity test (OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.04-1.56; P = 0.138). In conclusion, this systematic review and meta-analysis appears to show no benefit to using a platelet-rich concentrate combined with autologous bone for alveolar cleft grafting in terms of bone volume, bone density, or complications.
Comparing efficacies of autologous platelet concentrate preparations as mono-therapeutic agents in intra-bony defects through systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal of oral biology and craniofacial research. 2023;13(6):671-681
AIM: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess individually the regenerative potential of PRF (Platelet-rich Fibrin), PRP (Platelet-rich Plasma), and PRGF (Plasma Rich in Growth Factors) in comparison to OFD (Open Flap Debridement) alone for treating Intrabony defects, by calculating pooled effect sizes. BACKGROUND Relevant randomized controlled trials on humans were searched in PUBMED, COCHRANE CENTRAL, and GOOGLE SCHOLAR. Mean differences (MD) of Clinical Attachment level (CAL), Probing Pocket depth (PPD), and Defect Depth Reduction (DDR) between the Experimental and Control groups were used for calculating pooled effect sizes. Risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane's tool, and publication bias was evaluated through Funnel plots, Trim & Fill Method, and Rosenthal's Fail-Safe N Test. REVIEW RESULT A total of 23 studies were identified for qualitative and quantitative analysis. These studies were categorized into PRF, PRP, and PRGF groups based on the type of APC used. PRF showed the highest CAL gain (1.60 mm, 95% CI = 0.963-2.232 mm, P < 0.001, I2 = 93.83%) and PPD reduction (1.76 mm, 95% CI = 1.056 to 2.446, P < 0.001, I2 = 96.05%). However, PRP exhibited the greatest DDR (3.42 mm, 95% CI = -13.67 to -20.50, P = 0.011, I2 = 87.27%). PRF and PRP demonstrated large effect sizes, while PRGF showed a small effect size. CONCLUSION The use of PRF, PRP, and PRGF showed advantages in treating intrabony defects. However, caution is advised when interpreting the results due to heterogeneity and publication bias among the studies.
The Effect of Advanced Platelet-Rich Fibrin in Tissue Regeneration in Reconstructive and Graft Surgery: Systematic Review
The Journal of craniofacial surgery. 2023
This systematic review answered the guiding question using the PICO system: "What are the effects of advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) on alveolar ridge preservation and tissue gain in reconstructive and jaw graft surgery?" Searches were performed in the PubMed|MEDLINE, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and LILACS|bvs databases. In total, 573 articles were found in the initial search, and 564 were evaluated after the removal of duplicates, of which 5 randomized controlled trials met the eligibility criteria and were included 2 studies investigated the effect of A-PRF on the preservation of the bone ridge, 1 study evaluated the tissue repair after tooth extraction with A-PRF, 1 evaluated the peri-implant gap filling with A-PRF-xenograft mixture, and other the A-PRF on the treatment of alveolar osteitis. Advanced-PRF preparation protocol varied between the included studies from 8 to 13 minutes of centrifugation, at 1300 RPM (200g). The use of A-PRF provided greater dimensions of height and more favorable maintenance of the ridge profile, probing depth, and gingival margin level after extraction. Advanced-PRF also increased bone density, vital bone, epithelial healing, and control of postoperative pain and swelling after tooth extraction and in the treatment of alveolar osteitis.
Comparative effectiveness of hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma, and platelet-rich fibrin in treating temporomandibular disorders: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Head & face medicine. 2023;19(1):39
OBJECTIVE This study aims to compare the efficacy of intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) for treating temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and summarize their mechanisms of action. METHODS Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published until November 13, 2021, were identified using electronic and manual searches. Each study was evaluated for the risk of bias using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. The studies found via searches were categorized by follow-up time (1, 3, or 6 months). Evidence quality was graded according to the GRADE system. RESULTS Twelve RCTs were included that involved 421 patients with TMD. The network meta-analysis showed that all treatment groups improved compared to the placebo groups in terms of pain and maximal mouth opening (MMO). For pain evaluated via the visual analog scale, PRF exhibited better analgesic effects than PRP or HA after 1 and 3 months. PRP appeared to be more effective than PRF was after 6 months but there were no statistically significant differences between the two. For MMO, the effect of PRP was superior to those of PRF and HA after 1 month. However, after 3 and 6 months, PRF provided more encouraging results in improving MMO. CONCLUSION PRP and PRF exhibited similar short-term efficacy in treating TMD, while PRF was more advantageous in terms of long-term efficacy. Therefore, PRF was recommended for treating TMD.
Comparative outcomes of platelet concentrates and blood clot scaffolds for regenerative endodontic procedures: A systematic review of randomized controlled clinical trials
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. 2023;15(3):e239-e249
BACKGROUND The main objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of platelet concentrates -Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or Fibrin-rich plasma (PRF)- compared with blood clot (BC) as scaffolds for maturogenesis, in patients with immature permanent teeth with or without AP, in terms of the criteria for pulp revascularization success. MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed randomized controlled clinical trials comparing regenerative endodontic therapies (maturogenesis) based on PRP or PRF versus the conventional BC approach, in necrotic teeth with or without apical periodontitis (AP) under clinical and radiographic criteria. We performed a strategic search in MEDLINE (PUBMED), EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science from inception to October 2022. This systematic review of the literature was developed following the Cochrane Collaboration and PRISMA statement recommendations. We used the Cochrane risk of bias tool v2 to assess the included studies' quality. We performed a qualitative synthesis of the evidence. RESULTS Ten randomized controlled clinical trials were included in this systematic review. Analyses of these studies suggest that maturogenesis is a successful therapy regardless of the method employed. However, further research should be conducted with more suitable research methodologies and more homogenous data for meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS Results from this systematic review suggest that BC maturogenesis approaches yield similar clinical and radiographic outcomes when compared to Platelet-concentrates based therapies (PRP and PRF). Key words:Maturogenesis, Revascularization, Platelet-rich plasma, Fibrin-rich plasma, blood clot, systematic review.
Clinical application of platelet-rich fibrin to enhance dental implant stability: A systematic review and meta-analysis
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin application on implant stability. STUDY DESIGN Five databases, namely, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Wiley, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, were searched for reports published up to November 20, 2022. Randomized controlled trials (RCT), including parallel RCTs and split-mouth RCTs, with at least 10 patients/sites were considered for inclusion. RESULTS After screening based on the inclusion criteria, ten RCTs were included. Low heterogeneity was observed in study characteristics, outcome variables, and estimation scales (I(2) = 27.2%, P = 0.19). The qualitative and meta-analysis results showed that PRF increased the effect of implant stabilizers after implant surgery. CONCLUSIONS The results of the present systematic review and meta-analysis suggest that PRF can increase implant stability after implant surgery. PRF may also have a role in accelerating bone healing and tends to promote new bone formation at the implant site.
Effect of platelet-rich fibrin on periapical healing and resolution of clinical symptoms in patients following periapical surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal of conservative dentistry : JCD. 2023;26(4):366-376
CONTEXT Adjuvant use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in many areas of dentistry is well documented. However, its role in periapical surgery remains contested which requires further clarification by a higher level of evidence. AIM: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the effect of PRF on periapical surgery using meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PUBMED, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, SCIENCE DIRECT, and GOOGLE SCHOLAR for randomized controlled trials (RCT) published until May 2021. Meta-analysis was performed for comparisons of baseline (pretreatment) versus posttreatment values for different measurement parameters (postoperative pain, peri apical healing both qualitatively and quantitatively). The risk of bias in all the included trials was assessed after the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. RESULTS Among the 356 eligible articles found in the initial search, 10 RCTs from 2011 through 2021 were included. Qualitative analysis of all the included studies showed that PRF may play a positive role in bone healing, reduction in periapical lesions, and enhancing quality of life using different imaging modalities. The results of the meta-analysis indicated a significant reduction in postoperative pain when PRF was used (standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.515; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.061- 0.969;P = 0.026; I 2 = 0%). However, there was no statistically significant association observed while evaluating peri apical bone healing both qualitatively (odds ratio [OR] = 1.427; 95% CI = 0.309-6.584; P = 0.648) and quantitatively measured by Cone beam computed tomography (SMD = -0.264; 95% CI = -0.974-0.447;P = 0.454) between PRF and control group. CONCLUSIONS Considering the notable benefits demonstrated by use of PRF, it may be considered as a valuable adjunct in periapical surgery. However, more high-quality trials are necessary to assess the exact role of PRF.
Adjunctive use of platelet-rich fibrin in surgical treatment of furcation defects: A systematic review
Advances in medical sciences. 2023;68(2):366-371
Periodontitis is an infectious disease characterized by the inflammatory destruction of the tooth supporting tissues. In multi-rooted teeth, this process leads to periodontal destruction within furcations creating defects demanding in terms of treatment. Regeneration of class II furcation involvement, although possible, is considered an unpredictable procedure, especially in terms of the bone fill. The interest in wound healing improvement by additional use of autologous concentrates of growth factors remains high in many fields of dentistry. Platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) is a second-generation platelet concentrate and biomaterial. PRF forms a solid fibrin matrix, which is slowly remodeled comparable to the natural blood clot. Its utilization is associated with release of growth factors and glycoproteins over a long period of time. PRF activates alkaline phosphates, which show osteoblastic activity and this activation influences the bone formation. The aim of this review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was to evaluate the adjunctive use of platelet-rich fibrin in surgical treatment of furcation defects.
Injectable Platelet-Rich Fibrin (I-PRF) Administered to Temporomandibular Joint Cavities: A Scoping Review
Journal of clinical medicine. 2023;12(9)
The aim of this review was to systematically map the research on the intra-articular administration of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (I-PRF) to the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). Medical databases covered by the ACM, BASE, Google, NLM, and ResearchGate were searched on 23 February 2023. The assessment of the level of evidence was based on the Oxford Center for Evidence-Based Medicine 2011 scale. The risk of bias was assessed for randomized controlled trials with the RoB2 tool. Extracted data were tabulated, and the changes in effect values were calculated. A total of eight studies qualified, of which five trials on 213 patients were randomized and controlled (RCTs). In each of the RTC study groups, arthrocentesis was performed, and 1-2 mL per joint of I-PRF (700 rpm/3 min/60 g centrifugation) was administered. Articular pain in three months decreased to 0-25% of the initial pre-interventional values in the study and 38-50% in the control groups. Mandible mobility increased to 121-153% and 115-120% in the I-PRF groups and controls, respectively. The main limitations of the evidence were the small number of RCTs and the lack of any RCT study groups receiving I-PRF without prior arthrocentesis. In conclusion, supplementing the temporomandibular joint rinsing with I-PRF administration further relieves pain and improves mandible mobility. The lack of RCTs on the intra-articular administration of I-PRF as a stand-alone procedure encourages further research. This research received no external funding. The review protocol has not been previously published.
Efficacy of concentrated growth factor combined with grafting materials vs. grafting materials alone for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Annals of translational medicine. 2023;11(4):184
BACKGROUND Concentrated growth factor (CGF) is a novel biomaterial that can effectively promote tissue growth, but it is uncertain whether adding CGF can product additional effects in the periodontal tissue growth. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of CGF combined with grafting materials versus grafting materials alone for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects. METHODS The PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Biology Medicine Disc (CBM), Wanfang, and VIP databases were searched from inception date to June 2022. The inclusion criteria were: (I) randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CGF combined with grafting materials with the single use of grafting materials for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects, (II) studies providing outcomes of probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL). The literature searches and screening, data extraction, and quality assessment were performed by two reviewers, respectively. The Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used to assess the quality of the literature. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 15.0. RESULTS A total of 8 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were obtained, including 150 intrabony defect sites in the combination groups and 153 sites in the control groups. Meta-analysis showed that the combination groups was more effective than the control groups in PD [weighted mean difference (WMD) =-0.73, 95% confidence interval (CI): -0.94, -0.51, P=0.005], CAL (WMD =-0.56, 95% CI: -0.94, -0.19, P=0.003), and bone filling (BF) (WMD =-0.43, 95% CI: -0.65, -0.21, P=0.001), but the difference was not statistically significant between two groups in the change of gingival recession (REC) (WMD =-0.15, 95% CI: -0.44, 0.14, P=0.312). One study presented a high risk of bias due to lost follow-up, and the rest were unclear risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS For the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects, our meta-analysis showed that CGF combined with grafting materials was more effective than the use of grafting materials alone. However, the findings should be interpreted with caution due to the average quality of RCTs.