Preoperative thromboelastography in the prediction of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage by coblation tonsillectomy: a post-hoc analysis
Annals of Saudi Medicine. 2022;42(6):377-384
BACKGROUND Post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH) affects around 4% of patients after tonsillectomy. We hypothesized that preoperative thromboelastography (TEG) might identify patients at higher risk of PTH. OBJECTIVE Investigate whether evaluation of coagulation function by preoperative TEG might help to predict PTH after tonsillectomy by coblation tonsillectomy (TE). DESIGN Post-hoc analysis of randomized controlled study. SETTING Otolaryngology Department between January 2017 and August 2019. PATIENTS AND METHODS This post-hoc analysis included adults who underwent coblation TE for benign tonsillar disorders. Routine blood tests and TEG were performed preoperatively. The TEG parameters evaluated included coagulation reaction time (R) and maximum thrombus amplitude (MA). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The main outcome was PTH during the 4-week postoperative period. SAMPLE SIZE AND CHARACTERISTICS 284 RESULTS The 19 patients (6.7%) that experienced PTH had a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus, lower use of intraoperative suturing, fewer patients with grade I and II tonsillar enlargement, a higher white blood cell count, lower platelet count, lower fibrinogen level, lower R value, and a lower MA value than patients without PTH (all P<.05). Multivariate logistic regression revealed that diabetes mellitus (P<.053), fibrinogen level ≤2.735 g/L (P<.027), R≤6.55 min (P<.011) and MA≤59.15 mm (P<.012) were independently associated with PTH. A regression model incorporating these four factors predicted PTH with a sensitivity of 73.7% and specificity of 83.8%. CONCLUSION Preoperative evaluation of diabetes mellitus history, fibrinogen level, and TEG parameters might help to identify patients at higher risk of PTH after coblation TE. LIMITATIONS Single-center study with a small sample size; possibly underpowered statistically. TEG measurements might not accurately reflect coagulation function, and a validation cohort was unavailable. CONFLICT OF INTEREST None. CHINESE CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY NUMBER OF STUDY USED IN THIS ANALYSIS ChiCTR2000032171. http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=52553.