Autologous blood for conjunctival autograft fixation in primary pterygium surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2018
OBJECTIVE To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing the efficacy and complications of autologous blood versus using fibrin glue and surgical sutures for conjunctival autograft fixation in primary pterygium surgery. DESIGN Systematic review with quantitative meta-analysis. METHODS Four authentic databases have been searched using relevant keywords. Eligible studies were obtained, and their data were extracted into an online form. Analysis was done using Review Manager for windows. Dichotomous outcomes were reported as risk ratio, while continuous data were reported as mean difference. RESULTS Seven studies were included in the analysis. Most of included studies were of moderate quality according to Cochrane Risk of Bias assessment tool. There was no difference between the three techniques in recurrence rates (Risk Ratio (RR) 0.80, 95% CI [0.45 to 1.44], p= 0.46). Graft retraction and displacement were more profound in the autologous blood group vs fibrin glue and suture groups (RR 3.22, 95% CI [1.48 to7.02], p= 0.003) and (RR 5.27, 95% CI [2.24 to 12.38], p> 0.001) respectively. In terms of operative time, fibrin glue took shorter while suturing took longer time compared to blood coagulum (Mean Difference (MD) =1.57, 95% CI [0.90, 2.25], p> 0.00001) and (MD -20.47, 95% CI [-38.05 to -2.88], p =0.02). CONCLUSIONS Autologous blood for conjunctival autograft fixation in primary pterygium surgery was associated with lower graft stability than fibrin glue or sutures. However, it did not account for higher recurrence rates than the fibrin glue or sutures. Patient satisfaction and postoperative symptoms are relatively better in the blood coagulum group than the other techniques. The overall quality of evidence is low. Further well designed randomized controlled trials are still needed.
Fibrin tissue adhesive versus nasal packing in endoscopic nasal surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
BACKGROUND It has been proposed that fibrin tissue adhesive (FTA) can act as an effective alternative to nasal packing in managing the postoperative symptoms of endoscopic nasal surgery. METHODOLOGY MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for randomised controlled trials comparing FTA with nasal packing in endoscopic nasal surgery. The primary outcome of interest was bleeding; secondary outcomes included pain, nasal obstruction, infection, adhesions and the formation of granulation tissue. All trials underwent a risk of bias assessment, and a meta-analysis was performed using a random effects model. RESULTS 315 studies were found, of which four were eligible for inclusion (n = 152). Bleeding was reported in all, with the meta-analysis favouring the packing group, although this was not significant. Nasal obstruction and granulation severity were significantly lower in the FTA group, however, no difference was noted for the outcomes of pain, infection or adhesions. CONCLUSION Our results indicate minor advantages for using FTA over nasal packing. Unfortunately, the included studies show significant heterogeneity and risk of bias. Based on the available evidence, clinicians must balance the higher cost of FTA against the limited advantages for the patient.
Hemostatic glues in tonsillectomy: a systematic review
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The aim of this study was to compare use of hemostatic glues to conventional techniques of intraoperative hemostasis for tonsillectomy. STUDY DESIGN A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. METHODS All published prospective controlled trials that compared hemostatic glues to conventional techniques of hemostasis were identified. We performed a meta-analysis of articles comparing fibrin sealant to electrocautery, and of those comparing electrocautery to electrocautery plus fibrin hemostasis. RESULTS Seven studies were identified that made qualifications for review, with a total of 748 patients. Outcome measures were postoperative hemorrhage recorded by investigators, and visual analogue scores of pain for day 1, day 3, and day 10 postoperatively. Use of fibrin sealant was not associated with a reduction in hemorrhage rates following tonsillectomy when compared to electrocautery (pooled relative risk [RR] 0.315; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.047-2.093, 224 patients). No statistical difference in bleeding rate was seen between electrocautery hemostasis alone, compared to electrocautery with fibrin sealant (pooled RR 1.742; 95% CI: 0.433-7.005, 108 patients). No statistically significant difference in pain was identified. CONCLUSIONS Pain and bleeding are significant causes of morbidity post-tonsillectomy. We conclude that there is no significant evidence to support hemostatic glues over current techniques for reducing severity of these outcomes. Consequently, we do not recommended hemostatic glues for routine use in current clinical practice. Studies were generally of low quality and inadequately powered to detect a statistical difference, even when pooled. We advocate further research to facilitate future meta-analysis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE NA Laryngoscope, 126:236-242, 2016.Copyright © 2015 The American Laryngological, Rhinological and Otological Society, Inc.