Hemoglobin and methemoglobin concentrations after large-dose infusions of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 2001;92((1):):44-8.
Diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) solution is a purified human hemoglobin product chemically stabilized to deliver oxygen to tissues. We determined the peak plasma hemoglobin concentration and assessed changes in methemoglobin concentration after the infusion of 1 g/kg DCLHb in large blood loss surgical patients. This prospective, randomized study included 26 surgical patients who were either infused with up to three 250-mL units of 10% DCLHb or transfused with up to three units of packed red blood cells during the study infusion period. Serial plasma hemoglobin, plasma methemoglobin, and whole blood methemoglobin levels were measured before and at intervals up to 48 h after the study infusion period. Plasma hemoglobin and blood methemoglobin concentrations increased during the infusion of DCLHb. The plasma hemoglobin values in the DCLHb group continued to increase during each of the infusion periods to reach a peak plasma concentration of 1450 +/- 176 mg/dL. The fraction of whole blood methemoglobin increased from 0.84 +/- 0.77% at baseline to 4.08 +/- 1.36%. With a median DCLHb dose of 936 mg/kg (range 658-1500 mg/kg), the harmonic mean half-life was 10 h, and the increased whole blood methemoglobin reached a range not associated with complications. Implications: The dose of diaspirin cross-linked hemoglobin (DCLHb) (936 +/- 276 mg/kg) used in this study was one of the largest reported in humans to date. The DCLHb mean half-life was 10 h. The half-life observed was 2-4 times that found at smaller doses in previous studies. Whole blood methemoglobin fraction increased during DCLHb infusion but did not reach a range associated with complications.