Comparative evaluation of the safety and efficacy of recombinant FVIII in severe hemophilia A patients
Journal of Pharmacopuncture.. 2018;21((2)):76-81.
Objective: This study compared the safety and efficacy of Safacto versus xyntha in patients with severe hemophilia A. Methods: Thirty-three male patients with severe hemophilia A were randomly divided into two groups. Seventeen patients received Safacto and 16 patients received Xyntha for four consecutive times. The dosage of FVIII was 40-50 IU/kg for each injection. Plasma level of FVIII activity was evaluated before every injection, 15 minutes after the injection and one month after the start of the trial. The rate of factor VIII activity, pain and joint motion were also assessed before and after the treatment. Results: Plasma level of FVIII clotting activity in Safacto and Xyntha were 1.96+/-0.5 IU/dl and 1.63+/-0.5 IU/dl and increased to 88.84+/-25.2 IU/dl and 100.09+/-17.8 IU/dl, respectively (P<0.001). Pain score and range of motion improvement were 9.3+/-0.9 and 8.7+/-0.1 in Safacto (P=0.17); and 9.4+/-0.8 and 8.8+/-0.3 in Xyntha (P=0.35), respectively. No allergic or other unfavorable reactions was observed with either of the preparations. Conclusion: This study showed that Safacto has a favorable efficacy and safety profile.
Quality of life of children with hemophilia A undergoing prophylaxis or episodic treatment: Results from the ESPRIT study
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2011;9((Suppl 2):):745. Abstract No. O-TH-075.
A randomized clinical trial of prophylaxis in children with hemophilia A (the ESPRIT Study)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2011;9((4):):700-10.
Background: Prevention of arthropathy is a major goal of hemophilia treatment. While studies in adults have demonstrated an impact of prophylaxis on the incidence of joint bleeds and patients' well-being in terms of improved quality of life (QoL), it is unclear whether or not prophylaxis influences the outcome and perception of well- of children with hemophilia. Objective:This randomized controlled study compared the efficacy of prophylaxis with episodic therapy in preventing hemarthroses and image-proven joint damage in children with severe hemophilia A (factor VIII <1%) over a 10-year time period. Methods: Forty-five children with severe hemophilia A, aged 1-7years (median 4), with negative clinical-radiologic joint score at entry and at least one bleed during the previous 6 months, were consecutively randomized to prophylaxis with recombinant factor VIII (25IUkg-1 3x week) or episodic therapy with >=25IUkg-1 every 12-24h until complete clinical bleeding resolution. Safety, feasibility, direct costs and QoL were also evaluated. Results:Twenty-one children were assigned to prophylaxis, 19 to episodic treatment. Children on prophylaxis had fewer hemarthroses than children on episodic therapy: 0.20 vs. 0.52 events per patient per month (P<0.02). Plain-film radiology showed signs of arthropathy in six patients on prophylaxis (29%) vs. 14 on episodic treatment (74%) (P< 0.05). Prophylaxis was more effective when started early (<=36 months), with patients having fewer joint bleeds (0.12 joint bleeds per patient per month) and no radiologic signs of arthropathy. Conclusion:This randomized trial confirms the efficacy of prophylaxis in preventing bleeds and arthropathy in children with hemophilia, particularly when it is initiated early in life. 2011 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
Direct costs of children with haemophilia A undergoing prophylaxis or episodic treatment: Results from the ESPRIT study
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2011;9((Suppl 2):):927. Abstract No. P-TH-510.
Defining the role of recombinant activated factor VII in pediatric cardiac surgery: where should we go from here?
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 2009;10((5):):572-82.
OBJECTIVES Postoperative hemorrhage is a recognized complication of pediatric cardiac surgery. Both the immature coagulation system and increased susceptibility to hemodilution increase the likelihood of pediatric patients developing coagulopathy when compared with adult counterparts. Treatment options remain limited. Recombinant factor VII (rFVIIa) is a hemostatic agent increasingly used to reduce hemorrhage in other surgical settings, the role of which is unclear in this population. This article systematically reviews the published literature on the use of rFVIIa in pediatric cardiac surgery. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION A systematic literature search identified reports of rFVIIa administration in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Where possible, individual patient-specific data were extracted and pooled statistical analysis was performed. DATA EXTRACTION AND SYNTHESIS Twenty-nine articles reporting on the administration of rFVIIa to 169 patients were identified. rFVIIa has been administered to patients with predefined congenital abnormalities of hemostasis to arrest hemorrhage refractory to other interventions and prophylactically in the hope of reducing blood loss. Treatment regimens vary widely, in terms of both first and cumulative dose. Data on chest tube blood loss and two markers of coagulation were pooled and analyzed, and significant improvements were demonstrated. Mortality was 4.4% for the entire cohort but 20% of patients on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation suffered significant thromboembolic complications. CONCLUSIONS rFVIIa has an increasingly accepted role in the management of patients with congenital coagulopathies undergoing major surgery. However, randomized trials are required to define the role of rFVIIa as an adjunct to control major hemorrhage in the pediatric cardiac surgical population. Any future work must focus not only on benefits but also on patient safety, particularly, risk of morbid thromboembolic complication.