Endoscopic treatment for high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers: a randomized, controlled trial of epinephrine alone with epinephrine plus fresh frozen plasma
Journal of Research in Medical Sciences.. 2016;21:135.
BACKGROUND Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a common and potentially life-threatening emergency with substantial mortality. Fresh frozen plasma (FFP), a good source of coagulation factors, might be an ideal injection agent based on its physiologic properties. Therefore, we evaluated the role of FFP as a hemostatic agent in patients with high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers. MATERIALS AND METHODS From August 2015 to April 2016, 108 consecutive patients with high-risk bleeding ulcers were admitted to our university hospital. They were randomly assigned to undergo injection of epinephrine alone (A) or epinephrine plus FFP (B). The primary outcomes assessed were the initial hemostasis, recurrent bleeding, hospital stay, blood transfusion, surgery rate, and 14-day mortality. RESULTS Initial hemostasis was achieved in 47 of 50 patients (94%) in the Group A and 49 of 50 patients (98%) in the Group B (P = 0.61). There were no significant differences in the rate of recurrent bleeding between Group A (14%) and Group B (8%) (P = 0.52). We found no significant differences between Group A and Group B with respect to the surgery rate, bleeding death, procedure-related death, and duration of hospitalization (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION It is concluded the injection of epinephrine alone was equally effective as injection of epinephrine plus FFP to endoscopic hemostasis. Epinephrine alone and epinephrine plus FFP were not different in recurrent bleeding, rate of surgery, blood transfusion, or mortality.
Effectiveness of fresh frozen plasma as supplementary treatment in organophosphate poisoning
The Medical Journal of Malaysia. 2011;66((4):):342-5.
With the establishment of the inadequate efficiency of atropines and oximes in reducing morbidity and mortality of patients poisoned by organophosphates, more attention is given to using other methods such as Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) as a bioscavenger to mop up organophosphate toxins. This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 organophosphate poisoned patients who were randomly assigned to the FFP and control groups in order of admission. The routine treatment in both groups included atropine and, in moderate to severe cases of poisoning, pralidoxime. The FFP group received four packs of FFP as stat dose at the beginning of treatment. No significant difference was seen between the two groups on the atropine and pralidoxime dosage, hospitalization length and mortality. The present study showed that using four packs of FFP as stat dose at the onset of treatment had no significant effect on the clinical course of organophosphate poisoned patients.
The effects of fresh frozen plasma on cholinesterase levels and outcomes in patients with organophosphate poisoning
Clinical Toxicology. 2004;42((5):):617-23.
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to determine the effects of fresh frozen plasma, as a source of cholinesterase, on butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE; plasma or pseudo cholinesterase) levels and outcomes in patients with organophosphate poisoning. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was performed at the Department of Intensive Care of Erciyes University Medical School. Over 2 yrs, patients admitted to the ICU for OP poisoning were entered into the study. OP poisoning was diagnosed on the basis of history and BuChE levels. All patients received atropine. Fresh frozen plasma was given to 12 patients. The study was approved by the Ethical Committee, and verbal informed consent was obtained. RESULTS Thirty-three patients were included in the study. BuChE levels measured at admission and the pralidoxime and atropine doses administered were not different between groups (p>0. 05). Although intermediate syndrome developed in 28. 6% of patients receiving pralidoxime, there were no intermediate syndrome cases in patients receiving plasma prior to developing intermediate syndrome. The mortality rates were 14. 3% in the pralidoxime group and 0% in the plasma+atropine+pralidoxime group. Two patients received plasma after developing the intermediate syndrome, and one patient who received only atropine died. BuChE levels of fresh frozen plasma were 4069. 5 +/- 565. 1 IU/L. Every two bags of plasma provided an increase in BuChE levels of approximately 461. 7 +/- 142. 1 IU/L. CONCLUSION Fresh frozen plasma therapy increases BuChE levels in patients with organophosphate poisonings. The administration of plasma may also prevent the development of intermediate syndrome and related mortality. Plasma (fresh frozen or freshly prepared) therapy may be used as an alternative or adjunctive treatment method in patients with organophosphate pesticide poisoning, especially in cases not given pralidoxime. Further randomized controlled and animal studies are required to infer a definitive result.
A multicentre controlled clinical trial of high-volume fresh frozen plasma therapy in prognostically severe acute pancreatitis
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. 1991;73((4):):207-14.
Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) has been proposed as a specific therapy for acute pancreatitis. It may replenish important circulating proteins, particularly the naturally occurring anti-protease system. To investigate this potential therapy, 72 patients with predicted severe disease were selected from 301 admissions with acute pancreatitis using the modified Glasgow prognostic scoring system. They were randomised within 6 h of diagnosis to receive FFP (8 units daily for 3 days) or a similar volume of colloid control as part of their intravenous fluid therapy. Clinical progress was monitored and specific blood proteins were measured on days 1, 3 and 7. FFP therapy significantly increased the day 3 concentrations of some of the acute phase proteins (C1-reactive protein P less than 0.02, D-dimer P less than 0.05 and fibrinogen P less than 0.05) as well as some proteins which showed a fall in circulating concentration during the early stages of the disease (alpha 2 macroglobulin P less than 0.001, antithrombin III P less than 0.01 and fibronectin P less than 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of clinical outcome. Mortality was 20% in patients who received FFP and 18% in the colloid control group. Despite the ability of FFP therapy to supplement circulating concentrations of several potentially useful proteins during acute pancreatitis, it does not appear to improve clinical outcome.