Perioperative laboratory monitoring in congenital haemophilia patients with inhibitors: a systematic literature review
Hart, D. P., Hay, C. R. M., Liesner, R., Tobaruela, G., Du-Mont, B., Makris, M.
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis : An International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis. 2019;30(7):309-323
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Although the use of clotting factor concentrates is the mainstay of haemophilia care, the development of inhibitors complicates disease management. Perioperative management of patients with inhibitors is therefore a challenge. A systematic literature review was performed to identify literature reporting on the perioperative monitoring and management of haemophilia. MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases were searched from database inception to 26 March 2018. Recent congress proceedings were also searched. Titles and abstracts, then full texts, were screened for relevance by two reviewers. Quality of included studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist. Of the 2033 individual entries identified, 86 articles met the inclusion criteria. The identified studies were screened again to find articles reporting perioperative laboratory monitoring in patients with congenital haemophilia A or B, resulting in 24 articles undergoing data extraction. Routine perioperative assay monitoring practices were the most commonly reported (n = 20/24); thrombin generation assay was the least commonly reported (n = 2/24). Other monitoring practices described were factor VII and factor VIII coagulation activity (n = 8/24, n = 5/24, respectively), and thromboelastography or rotational thromboelastometry assessments (n = 3/24). The impact of monitoring on treatment decisions was, however, rarely reported. In conclusion, many methods of perioperative monitoring of haemophilia patients with inhibitors have been identified in this review, yet there is a lack of reporting in larger scale cohort studies. More detailed reporting on the impact of monitoring outcomes on treatment decisions is also needed to share best practice, particularly as new therapeutic agents emerge.
A systematic review of definitions and reporting of bleeding outcome measures in hemophilia
Chatree C-A, Hillis CM, Thabane L, Iorio A
Blood. 2014;124((21)): Abstract No. 2821
Intra-patient variability of thromboelastographic parameters following in vivo and ex vivo administration of recombinant activated factor VII in haemophilia patients. A multi-centre, randomised trial
Kenet G, Stenmo CB, Blemings A, Wegert W, Goudemand J, Krause M, Schramm W, Kirchmaier C, Martinowitz U
Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2010;103((2):):351-9.
Thromboelastography methods have been used to predict or monitor treatment of haemophilia patients with recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa). However, neither of the two thromboelastographic methods (ROTEM and TEG) has as yet been validated. This multi-centre, randomised trial compared both methods in terms of intra- and inter- patient variability following in vivo and ex vivo rFVIIa administration to haemophilia A and B patients with and without inhibitors. Patients ((3)16 years old) received the same intravenous rFVIIa dose (45, 90 or 180 microg/kg) twice, 1-12 weeks apart. Blood samples were collected pre-dose and 15, 60, 120 and 240 minutes post-dose for ROTEM and TEG analysis. Pre-dose samples were also spiked ex vivo with rFVIIa (0. 6, 1. 2 or 2. 4 microg/ml), to correspond to the three in vivo doses. Twenty-six haemophilia A and four haemophilia B patients were enrolled. A significant treatment effect was observed with in vivo rFVIIa (p<0. 05) with more pronounced effects in inhibitor (n=14) versus non-inhibitor (n=16) patients. There was a strong positive correlation between ROTEM and TEG parameters. Intra- and inter-patient variation was large for all thromboelastography parameters at all time points and rFVIIa doses. Intra-patient variation was generally lower for non-inhibitor than inhibitor patients, and lower following ex vivo spiking versus in vivo rFVIIa administration. In conclusion, there was a clear effect of rFVIIa on all thromboelastography parameters, but the large intra- and inter-patient variability following in vivo rFVIIa administration renders the use of our method unsuitable for dose-response prediction for haemophilia patients in the clinical setting.