Evaluation of a novel Cardiac Peri-Operative Transfusion Trigger Scoring system in patients with coronary artery disease
Ma HP, Zhang L, Chen CL, Li J, Ma ZT, Jiang QQ, Liang YY, Li SS, Long F, Zheng H
BMC cardiovascular disorders. 2021;21(1):40
BACKGROUND A simple and accurate scoring system to guide perioperative blood transfusion in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing cardiac surgery is lacking. The trigger point for blood transfusions for these patients may be different from existing transfusion guidelines. This study aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new scoring strategy for use in guiding transfusion decisions in patients with CAD. METHODS A multicenter randomized controlled trial was conducted at three third-level grade-A hospitals from January 2015 to May 2018. Data of 254 patients in a Cardiac Peri-Operative Transfusion Trigger Score (cPOTTS) group and 246 patients in a group receiving conventional evaluation of the need for transfusion (conventional group) were analysed. The requirements for transfusion and the per capita consumption of red blood cells (RBCs) were compared between groups. RESULTS Baseline characteristics of the two groups were comparable. Logistic regression analyses revealed no significant differences between the two groups in primary outcomes (1-year mortality and perioperative ischemic cardiac events), secondary outcomes (shock, infections, and renal impairment), ICU admission, and ICU stay duration. However, patients in the cPOTTS group had significantly shorter hospital stays, lower hospital costs, lower utilization rate and lower per capita consumption of transfused RBCs than controls. Stratified analyses revealed no significant differences between groups in associations between baseline characteristics and perioperative ischemic cardiac events, except for hemofiltration or dialysis and NYHA class in I. CONCLUSIONS This novel scoring system offered a practical and straightforward guideline of perioperative blood transfusion in patients with CAD. Trial registration chiCTR1800016561(2017/7/19).
Thromboelastometry and a hemostasis management system are most beneficial for guiding hemostatic therapy in cardiac surgery patients with a EuroSCORE II of >/=1.83%: a randomized controlled two-step trial
Kodaka M, Ichikawa J, Ando K, Komori M
J Anesth. 2020
PURPOSE We evaluated the efficacy of hemostatic therapy based on point-of-care (POC) testing in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS This was a single-institution, prospective, randomized, double-blinded study. In step 1, 90 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery underwent complete blood count and fibrinogen measurements at baseline, after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) initiation (CPB start), just after CPB end, and in the intensive care unit (ICU). In step 2, 72 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery underwent conventional laboratory coagulation tests (control group) or POC coagulation tests (POC group). Transfusions were prepared using the fibrinogen and platelet values at mainly "CPB start" for the control group, and using the ROTEM values at mainly "CPB end" for the POC group. Consequently, the step 2 patients were divided into high- and low-risk subgroups based on the EuroSCORE II by logistic regression analysis; transfusion data and bleeding volumes were compared between the control and POC groups within the high- and low-risk subgroups. RESULTS In step 1, all blood components were significantly decreased at CPB start compared with baseline, and platelet and fibrinogen levels remained almost constant from CPB start to end. In step 2, the transfusion rates and perioperative bleeding volumes did not significantly differ between the control and POC groups. Subgroup analysis suggested that only the high-risk subgroup significantly differed regarding perioperative red blood cell transfusion and total bleeding volume in the ICU. CONCLUSIONS POC testing is beneficial for cardiac surgery patients with a EuroSCORE II of ≥1.83%.
Prospective evaluation and clinical utility of on-site monitoring of coagulation in patients undergoing cardiac operation
Despotis GJ, Santoro SA, Spitznagel E, Kater KM, Cox JL, Barnes P, Lappas DG
Journal of Thoracic & Cardiovascular Surgery. 1994;107((1):):271-9.
Although laboratory coagulation tests permit a rational approach to both diagnosis and management of coagulation disorders after cardiopulmonary bypass, their clinical utility is limited by delays in obtaining results. This study was designed to evaluate prospectively the impact of on-site coagulation testing on blood product use, operative time, and intraoperative management of microvascular bleeding. Patients who underwent cardiac procedures involving cardiopulmonary bypass and subsequently developed microvascular bleeding were randomly assigned to receive either standard therapy (n = 36) or therapy defined by a treatment algorithm based on results from an on-site coagulation monitoring laboratory (n = 30). No differences were found between treatment groups in hematologic assay data, operative procedures, or duration of cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients treated in accordance with on-site laboratory results (algorithm therapy) received significantly less intraoperative fresh frozen plasma (0.4 +/- 1.1 U versus 2.4 +/- 2.8 U; p = 0.0006) during the treatment interval, had shorter operative times, and had less mediastinal chest tube drainage during the initial perioperative interval (158 +/- 169 ml versus 326 +/- 258 ml; p = 0.003) than did patients in the standard therapy group. Patients who underwent algorithm therapy also received fewer platelet (1.6 +/- 5.9 versus 6.4 +/- 8.2 U; p = 0.02) and red blood cell (1.9 +/- 1.7 U versus 4.1 +/- 4.1 U; p = 0.01) transfusions after the operation. Nine of 36 (25%) standard group patients received initial therapy which differed from that which would have been guided by the on-site algorithm protocol. Our findings indicate that rapid and accurate coagulation test results can guide specific therapy and optimize treatment of microvascular bleeding in patients who undergo cardiac operations.