Risk of bleeding during oral surgery in patients with liver cirrhosis: A systematic review
Journal of the American Dental Association (1939). 2020
BACKGROUND The liver is responsible for the production of almost all coagulation factors, but does this indicate a risk of developing unusual bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis during dental surgery? TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED In this systemic review, the authors followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist and performed a search of PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane databases. RESULTS Seven studies met the inclusion criteria. The sample sizes ranged from 23 through 318 participants, number of extracted teeth ranged from 62 through 1,183, platelet count ranged from 16,000 through 216,000 per cubic milimeter, and the international normalized ratio was less than 4. The prevalence of hemorrhagic events in the studies ranged from 0% through 8.9%, and almost all were controlled with local hemostatic measures. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS During dental treatment, patients with liver cirrhosis have a low bleeding risk in spite of the decreased number of platelets and increased international normalized ratio.
Effect of Erythropoietin on Transfusion Requirements for Craniosynostosis Surgery in Children
The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2017;28((5):):1315-1319
BACKGROUND Pediatric craniosynostosis surgery is associated with significant blood loss often requiring allogenic blood transfusion (ABT). This study explores the clinical effectiveness of preoperative erythropoietin (EPO) administration in pediatric craniosynostosis surgery in reducing transfusion requirements. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was performed for studies published in English language between 1946 and 2015. Inclusion criteria included original studies in the pediatric population (0-8 years of age) involving preoperative use of EPO in craniofacial procedures with quantitative reporting of perioperative blood transfusion. Extracted data included demographics, hematocrit, hemoglobin, estimated blood loss, number of patients transfused, and amount of ABT. RESULTS Four studies met the inclusion criteria with a total of 117 patients. Patients were divided into 2 groups: EPO versus control. No statistical differences were found in the demographics between the 2 groups. Mean preoperative hematocrit level was higher in the EPO group compared with control (43% vs 35%). The percentage of patients who required ABT and the volume of transfused blood were less in the EPO group (54% vs 98% and 84 vs 283 mL, respectively). Meta-analysis of 3 comparable studies showed a lower proportion of patients who needed blood transfusion in the EPO group. CONCLUSIONS The present meta-analysis demonstrated that preoperative administration of EPO in pediatric craniosynostosis surgery decreased the proportion of patients requiring ABT. In addition, the volume of transfusion was reduced in patients who received EPO. Future randomized studies are needed to establish the cost-effectiveness of routine preoperative EPO administration in craniosynostosis surgery.