Effect of low-level laser therapy on post-extraction hemostasis in patients with hemophilia - A prospective cohort study
Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. 2023
Dental extraction in hemophiliacs can be complicated by perilous bleeding. Although developments in local hemostatics and factor replacement have made outpatient extraction feasible, there is no standard protocol for preventing hemorrhagic exigency. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has firmly established role in hemostasis due to its ability to seal vessels, but this function has not been conclusively established in hemophiliac patients. The objective of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of LLLT as compared with the standard protocol alone in achieving post-extraction hemostasis. A prospective interventional cohort study was designed and consisted of 60 patients with hemophilia A or B, who reported to the Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi between October 2021 and March 2022. These were divided equally into test and control groups, both following the standard protocol. In the test group, extraction sockets were exposed to LLLT. The study assessed time required, instance of rebleeding, and additional methods employed for hemostasis in each group. The results showed a 22.42% reduction in average time taken to achieve hemostasis in the test group as compared with the control group. The tranexamic acid pack was replaced in two cases in both groups after 60 min of procedure. Three cases in the control group required suturing, and one case required cauterization. Rebleeding occurred in four cases in the test group and in 13 cases among the controls. Postoperative factor was infused in three and 12 cases in the test and control groups, respectively. The authors believe that perioperative use of LLLT should be encouraged because it demonstrated a significantly reduced time for hemostasis among hemophilia patients.