A novel approach for knee osteoarthritis using high molecular weight hyaluronic acid conjugated to plasma fibrinogen - interim findings of a double-blind clinical study
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is a widespread degenerative joint disease leading to progressive loss of function and pain. Available treatments do not provide long-term relief or improvement. This study aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of a novel intra articular supplement, made of high molecular-weight hyaluronic acid (HA) uniquely conjugated to either purified (RegenoGel) or autologous plasma-derived fibrinogen (RegenoGel-OSP), as a long-term treatment for knee OA. METHODS Sixty-seven consecutive participants (mean age 67.26 ± 7 years) with symptomatic OA were randomly assigned to receive intraarticular injections of either RegenoGel, RegenoGel-OSP or saline solution (placebo). The active treatment groups received a second, repeat injection of the corresponding treatment at the 3-month evaluation, at which time, the placebo group was divided into two subgroups, one receiving RegenoGel and the other receiving RegenoGel-OSP. The OA symptoms were assessed by VAS, WOMAC, and IKDC questionnaires at baseline and at 1, 3, 4, and 6 months following the first injection. OA-related quality of life was evaluated by the SF-12 survey. RESULTS Our preliminary data suggests that both fibrin-HA formulations have positive effects on OA symptoms for all assessed parameters with the most prominent trend for reduction in OA-associated pain. Pooled data analysis of RegenoGel and RegenoGel-OSP shows significantly improved VAS scores compared to placebo at three months after the first injection, and sustained for another three months after the second injection. Both RegenoGel, RegenoGel-OSP had an excellent safety profile. CONCLUSIONS Interim analysis results indicate that RegenoGel and RegenoGel-OSP are safe and are potentially effective for at least six months in alleviating pain and symptoms of knee OA.