The effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on wound healing, adhesion, and hemostasis after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with nasal polyposis
American journal of otolaryngology. 2021;42(5):103010
PURPOSE Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common chronic diseases seen worldwide. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has become a widely accepted procedure for medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. Prevention of revision surgery often depends on good wound healing and less adhesion formation. In recent years, the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on tissue healing have been addressed in many surgical branches, especially for dental implant surgery and plastic surgery. METHODS This prospective study was conducted with 50 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for the diagnosis of nasal polyposis. While the middle meatus in one nasal cavity was filled with PRF and supported with Nasopore, only Nasopore was used in the other nasal cavity middle meatus. The patients were followed up clinically at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, and 12 postoperatively. The assessor determined the presence of adhesion, crusting, bleeding, frontal ostium stenosis, granulation, and infection, and if present, the grades of these complications were scored according to a questionnaire. RESULTS In our study, adhesion, infection, bleeding, granulation, and frontal ostium stenosis were less common in the PRF group, and a statistically significant difference was found between the groups. CONCLUSION In our study, better results were obtained in terms of adhesion, infection, bleeding, granulation, and frontal ostium stenosis after ESS as a result of the effects of PRF on wound healing. The application of PRF is an inexpensive and easy procedure. PRF can be a good alternative to other types of tampons after ESS.
The impact of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on olfactory function and pain after septoplasty operations
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 2020
BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on olfactory function and pain score in patients who underwent septoplasty. METHODS This prospective randomized observational study was performed between 2018 January and 2019 April with 148 patients who had septoplasty operation. Patients were divided two groups and 74 patients were placed in group 1 to which PRF was applied after the completion of septoplasty whereas 67 patients were put in group 2 which did not undergo PRF. Sniffin' Sticks test was applied to all patients at pre-op, post-op 1-week, 6-week, and 6-month. Pain scores of patients were measured with visual analogue scale at 1 and 3 week. RESULTS The distribution of patients according to pre-op olfactory function (normo-hypo-anosmia), there was no significant differences statistically (p > 0.05). When we compared the 1-week post-op results of Sniffin' Sticks test of patients, we found differences between the groups (p < 0.05). It was observed in the early postoperative period that according to the Sniffin' Sticks test scores, the results of the PRF group were better than those of the non-PRF group. At 6-week and 6-month, between the groups; there was no differences in terms of olfactory function. When we looked at the pain score of patients at 1 and 3 week after septoplasty; significant differences were obtained between groups. CONCLUSION The application of PRF to the mucosal surface after the completion of septoplasty, has positive effect on olfactory function and pain especially in the early postoperative period. During the healing process, it was observed that prf maintained better odor functions. It is a minimally invasive technique with low risks and satisfactory clinical results.
The Hemostatic Efficacy of Hydrogen Peroxide Irrigation to Control Intraoperative Bleeding in Adenoidectomy
Turkish archives of otorhinolaryngology. 2018;56(4):193-198
Objective: Although adenoidectomy is generally accepted as a safe procedure, intraoperative hemorrhage is still the most common and potentially life-threating complication, especially in pediatric patients. We evaluated the clinical effect of intraoperative hydrogen peroxide irrigation with respect to hemostasis and operation times in pediatric adenoidectomy. Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study to investigate hydrogen peroxide solution in hemostasis in pediatric patients undergoing adenoidectomy. The patient, the surgeon, and the study nurse were blinded to the surgical technique used. Results: One hundred seventeen (56 males and 61 females) consecutive pediatric patients with a mean age of 5.46+/-1.19 years were included in the study. There were 58 patients in the hydrogen peroxide group (median age: 6 years, mean age: 5.62+/-1.28 years) and 59 patients in the control group (median age: 5 years, mean age: 5.31+/-1.07 years). No significant difference was observed between the two groups with respect to age (p=0.151), gender (p=0.646), or adenoid size (p=0.767). On the other hand, the difference between the groups with respect to operation and hemostasis times was found to be statistically significant (p<0.001 for both). The average operation times were 8.67+/-0.48 min in the hydrogen peroxide group and 12.30+/-0.69 min in the control group. The average hemostasis times were 3.67+/-0.27 min in the hydrogen peroxide group and 5.73+/-0.31 min in the control group. Conclusion: Hydrogen peroxide solution can be effectively used in adenoidectomy for reducing intraoperative blood loss and for economic benefits.