Recombinant FVIIa in elective non-orthopaedic surgery of adults with haemophilia and inhibitors: A systematic literature review
Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia. 2021
AIM: To assess available evidence on the use of rFVIIa in non-orthopaedic surgery including dental surgery in adult patients with congenital haemophilia with inhibitors (PWHI). METHODS A systematic literature search was performed according to a prespecified search string; prespecified criteria were used to select applicable studies including PWHI ≥18 years of age who underwent any non-orthopaedic surgery using rFVIIa. RESULTS Thirty-three publications met the eligibility criteria, of which 26 publications - including 46 procedures in 44 patients - were selected for the qualitative analysis. Most publications were case reports or case series (21/26). Primary authors assessed rFVIIa as effective in maintaining haemostasis during and after most major surgeries (22/32). rFVIIa dose was mainly on label, with higher doses used in 4 cases, and a lower dose in 1 case. Duration of treatment was mostly 5-10 days (range: 3 days to 1 month post-operatively). Adverse events related to rFVIIa were rare. CONCLUSIONS Assessing non-orthopaedic surgery in this patient population is hampered by a paucity of published data; nevertheless, the current evidence indicates that rFVIIa is effective in achieving haemostasis in haemophilia patients with inhibitors undergoing elective non-orthopaedic or dental surgery. rFVIIa was generally well tolerated in these patients, with thrombotic events occurring rarely. These data, generated to help clinicians manage congenital haemophilia with inhibitors, highlight the need for more systematic reporting of rFVIIa and all other therapeutic agents in non-orthopaedic surgery and dental surgery in patients with congenital haemophilia and inhibitors.
Treatment of haemophilia A and B and von Willebrand's disease: summary and conclusions of a systematic review as part of a Swedish health-technology assessment
In an ongoing health-technology assessment of haemophilia treatment in Sweden, performed by the governmental agency Dental and Pharmaceutical Benefits Agency (TLV; tandvards-och lakemedelsformansverket), the Swedish Council on Health Technology Assessment (SBU; statens beredning for medicinsk utvardering) was called upon to evaluate treatment of haemophilia A and B and von Willebrand's disease (VWD) with clotting factor concentrates. To evaluate the following questions: What are the short-term and long-term effects of different treatment strategies? What methods are available to treat haemophilia patients that have developed inhibitors against factor concentrates? Based on the questions addressed by the project, a systematic database search was conducted in PubMed, NHSEED, Cochrane Library, EMBASE and other relevant databases. The literature search covered all studies in the field published from 1985 up to the spring of 2010. In most instances, the scientific evidence is insufficient for the questions raised in the review. Concentrates of coagulation factors have good haemostatic effects on acute bleeding and surgical intervention in haemophilia A and B and VWD, but conclusions cannot be drawn about possible differences in the effects of different dosing strategies for acute bleeding and surgery. Prophylaxis initiated at a young age can prevent future joint damage in persons with haemophilia. The available treatment options for inhibitors have been insufficiently assessed. The economic consequences of various treatment regimens have been insufficiently analysed. Introduction of national and international registries is important. Copyright 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. DO http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2516.2011.02723.x
Daily dosing prophylaxis for haemophilia: a randomized crossover pilot study evaluating feasibility and efficacy
Regular replacement therapy (prophylaxis) for haemophilia has been shown to prevent development of disabling arthropathy and to provide a better quality of life compared to treatment on demand; however, at a substantially higher cost. Calculations based on pharmacokinetic principles have shown that shortening dose intervals may reduce cost. The aim of this prospective, randomized, crossover pilot study was to address whether daily dosing is feasible, if it reduces concentrate consumption and is as effective in preventing bleeding as the standard prophylactic dosing regimen. In a 12 + 12 month crossover study, 13 patients were randomized to start either their own previously prescribed standard dose, or daily dosing adjusted to maintain at least the same trough levels as obtained with the standard dose. Ten patients completed the study. A 30% reduction in cost of factor concentrates was achieved with daily prophylaxis. However, the number of bleeding events increased in some patients in the daily dosing arm and patients reported decreased quality of life during daily prophylaxis. Daily treatment had a greater impact on daily life, and the patients found it more stressful. Prophylaxis with daily dosing may be feasible and efficacious in some patients. A substantial reduction of factor consumption and costs can be realized, but larger studies are needed before the introduction of daily prophylaxis into clinical routine can be recommended. 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
A prospective, randomized trial of daily prophylaxis in hemophilia
ISTH Congress. 2009;: Abstract No. PP-WE-570.
A randomized comparison of bypassing agents in hemophilia complicated by an inhibitor: the FEIBA NovoSeven Comparative (FENOC) Study
The development of inhibitory antibodies to factor VIII is a serious complication of hemophilia. FEIBA (factor VIII inhibitor-bypassing activity), an activated prothrombin complex concentrate (aPCC), and NovoSeven, recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa), are used as hemostatic bypassing agents in treating patients with inhibitors. The FENOC study was designed to test equivalence of the products in the treatment of ankle, knee, and elbow joint bleeding. A prospective, open-label, randomized, crossover, equivalency design was used. The parameters of interest were the percentage of patients who reported efficacy in response to FEIBA and the percentage that reported efficacy in response to NovoSeven. A difference in these percentages of no more than 15% was determined to be a clinically acceptable magnitude for equivalence of the 2 products. The primary outcome was evaluation 6 hours after treatment. Data for 96 bleeding episodes contributed by 48 participants were analyzed. The criterion for declaring the 2 products equivalent at 6 hours was not met; however, the confidence interval of the difference in percentages of efficacy reported for each product only slightly exceeded the 15% boundary (-11. 4%-15. 7%), P=. 059. FEIBA and NovoSeven appear to exhibit a similar effect on joint bleeds, although the efficacy between products is rated differently by a substantial proportion of patients. This trial was registered at www. clinicaltrials. gov as #NCT00166309.