Cerebral Small Vessel Disease and Prognosis in Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Cohort Studies
European journal of neurology. 2022
BACKGROUND To investigate whether cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) markers and the total CSVD burden are associated with functional outcome, mortality, stroke recurrence, and hematoma expansion in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). METHODS Following a previously registered protocol (PROSPERO protocol: CRD42021287743), we systematically searched PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE to identify relevant literature up to November 2021. Cohort studies that examined the association between CSVD markers (white matter hyperintensity [WMH], lacune, enlarged perivascular space [EPVS], cerebral microbleed [CMB], and brain atrophy) or CSVD burden and prognosis in patients with ICH were included. The pooled estimates were calculated using random effects models. RESULTS Forty-one studies with 19,752 ICH patients were pooled in the meta-analysis. WMH (OR=1.50, 95% CI=1.32 to 1.70), lacune (OR=1.32, 95% CI=1.18 to 1.49), CMB (OR=2.60, 95% CI=1.13 to 5.97) and brain atrophy (OR=2.22, 95% CI=1.48 to 3.31) were associated with worse functional outcome. CSVD markers concerning increased risk of mortality were WMH (OR=1.57, 95% CI=1.38 to 1.79) and brain atrophy (OR=1.84, 95% CI=1.11 to 3.04), while concerning increased risk of stroke recurrence were WMH (OR=1.62, 95% CI=1.28 to 2.04) and lacune (OR=3.00, 95% CI=1.68 to 5.37). EPVS was not related to prognosis. There was a lack of association between CSVD markers and hematoma expansion. CSVD burden increased the risk of worse functional outcome, mortality, and stroke recurrence by 57%, 150%, and 44%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS In patients with spontaneous ICH, WMH, lacune, CMB, brain atrophy, and the total CSVD burden are associated with substantially increased risk of worse functional outcome, mortality, or stroke recurrence.
Early coagulation tests predict risk stratification and prognosis of COVID-19
The ongoing outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is hitting the world hard, but the relationship between coagulation disorders and COVID-19 is still not clear. This study aimed to explore whether early coagulation tests can predict risk stratification and prognosis. PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched electronically for relevant research studies published up to March 24, 2020, producing 24 articles for the final inclusion. The pooled standard mean difference (SMD) of coagulation parameters at admission were calculated to determine severe and composite endpoint conditions (ICU or death) in COVID-19 patients. Meta-analyses revealed that platelet count was not statistically related to disease severity and composite endpoint; elevated D-dimer correlated positively with disease severity (SMD 0.787 (0.277-1.298), P= 0.003, I(2)= 96.7%) but had no significant statistical relationship with composite endpoints. Similarly, patients with prolonged prothrombin time (PT) had an increased risk of ICU and increased risk of death (SMD 1.338 (0.551-2.125), P = 0.001, I(2) = 92.7%). Besides, increased fibrin degradation products (FDP) and decreased antithrombin might also mean the disease is worsening. Therefore, early coagulation tests followed by dynamic monitoring is useful for recognizing coagulation disorders accompanied by COVID-19 and guiding timely therapy to improve prognosis.
Application of autologous blood cell salvage in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft operation
The Heart Surgery Forum. 2017;20((3)):E107-E110.
OBJECTIVE To analyze whether application of autologous blood cell salvage can reduce the transfusion volume of allogeneic blood and complications of blood transfusion in off-pump coronary artery bypass operations. Methods: We randomly divided 120 patients into autologous blood cell salvage group (experimental group, n = 60) and non-autologous blood cell salvage group (control group, n = 60). Volume of perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion of each patient was recorded. Moreover, complications and ICU retention times (H) of each patient were also recorded. The data were analyzed using t tests. Results: The volume of allogeneic blood transfusion was significantly less in the experimental group than in the control group. Conclusion: Application of autologous blood cell salvage in off-pump coronary artery bypass graft operation can reduce the volume of allogeneic blood transfusion, alleviate blood shortage, and reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, leading to medical, economic, and social benefits.