Liberal Versus Restrictive Red Blood Cell Transfusion Thresholds in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Randomized, Open Label, Phase III, Noninferiority Trial
Tay J, Allan DS, Chatelain E, Coyle D, Elemary M, Fulford A, Petrcich W, Ramsay T, Walker I, Xenocostas A, et al
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology. 2020;:Jco1901836
PURPOSE Evidence regarding red blood cell (RBC) transfusion practices and their impact on hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) outcomes are poorly understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a noninferiority randomized controlled trial in four different centers that evaluated patients with hematologic malignancies requiring HCT who were randomly assigned to either a restrictive (hemoglobin [Hb] threshold < 70 g/L) or liberal (Hb threshold < 90 g/L) RBC transfusion strategy between day 0 and day 100. The noninferiority margin corresponds to a 12% absolute difference between groups in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant (FACT-BMT) score relative to baseline. The primary outcome was health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measured by FACT-BMT score at day 100. Additional end points were collected: HRQOL by FACT-BMT score at baseline and at days 7, 14, 28, 60, and 100; transplantation-related mortality; length of hospital stay; intensive care unit admissions; acute graft-versus-host disease; Bearman toxicity score; sinusoidal obstruction syndrome; serious infections; WHO Bleeding Scale; transfusion requirements; and reactions to therapy. RESULTS A total of 300 patients were randomly assigned to either restrictive-strategy or liberal-strategy treatment groups between 2011 and 2016 at four Canadian adult HCT centers. After HCT, mean pre-transfusion Hb levels were 70.9 g/L in the restrictive-strategy group and 84.6 g/L in the liberal-strategy group (P < .0001). The number of RBC units transfused was lower in the restrictive-strategy group than in the liberal-strategy group (mean, 2.73 units [standard deviation, 4.81 units] v 5.02 units [standard deviation, 6.13 units]; P = .0004). After adjusting for transfusion type and baseline FACT-BMT score, the restrictive-strategy group had a higher FACT-BMT score at day 100 (difference of 1.6 points; 95% CI, -2.5 to 5.6 points), which was noninferior compared with that of the liberal-strategy group. There were no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the transfusion strategies. CONCLUSION In patients undergoing HCT, the use of a restrictive RBC transfusion strategy threshold of 70 g/L was as effective as a threshold of 90 g/L and resulted in similar HRQOL and HCT outcomes with fewer transfusions.
The cost of allogeneic red blood cells--a systematic review
Patients with haematologic malignancies requiring haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) across four Canadian HCT centres, (n=300).
Restrictive red blood cell transfusion (RBC) strategy (haemoglobin [Hb] threshold < 70 g/L), (n= 150).
Liberal RBC transfusion strategy (Hb threshold < 90 g/L), (n= 150).
After HCT, mean pre-transfusion Hb levels were 70.9 g/L in the restrictive-strategy group and 84.6 g/L in the liberal-strategy group. The number of RBC units transfused was lower in the restrictive-strategy group than in the liberal-strategy group (mean, 2.73 units vs. 5.02 units). After adjusting for transfusion type and baseline Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant (FACT-BMT) score, the restrictive-strategy group had a higher FACT-BMT score at day 100 (difference of 1.6 points), which was non-inferior compared with that of the liberal-strategy group. There were no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the transfusion strategies.
Amin M, Fergusson D, Aziz A, Wilson K, Coyle D, Hébert P
Transfusion Medicine. 2003;13((5):):275-85.
Effect of hemoglobin levels in hemodialysis patients with asymptomatic cardiomyopathy
Foley RN, Parfrey PS, Morgan J, Barre PE, Campbell P, Cartier P, Coyle D, Fine A, Handa P, Kingma I, et al
Kidney International. 2000;58((3):):1325-35.
BACKGROUND Hemoglobin levels below 10 g/dL lead to left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, LV dilation, a lower quality of life, higher cardiac morbidity, and a higher mortality rate in end-stage renal disease. The benefits and risks of normalizing hemoglobin levels in hemodialysis patients without symptomatic cardiac disease are unknown. METHODS One hundred forty-six hemodialysis patients with either concentric LV hypertrophy or LV dilation were randomly assigned to receive doses of epoetin alpha designed to achieve hemoglobin levels of 10 or 13.5 g/dL. The study duration was 48 weeks. The primary outcomes were the change in LV mass index in those with concentric LV hypertrophy and the change in cavity volume index in those with LV dilation. RESULTS In patients with concentric LV hypertrophy, the changes in LV mass index were similar in the normal and low target hemoglobin groups. The changes in cavity volume index were similar in both targets in the LV dilation group. Treatment-received analysis of the concentric LV hypertrophy group showed no correlation between the change in mass index and a correlation between the change in LV volume index and mean hemoglobin level achieved (8 mL/m2 per 1 g/dL hemoglobin decrement, P = 0.009). Mean hemoglobin levels and the changes in LV mass and cavity volume index were not correlated in patients with LV dilation. Normalization of hemoglobin led to improvements in fatigue (P = 0.009), depression (P = 0.02), and relationships (P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS Normalization of hemoglobin does not lead to regression of established concentric LV hypertrophy or LV dilation. It may, however, prevent the development of LV dilation, and it leads to improved quality of life.
Cost effectiveness of epoetin-alpha to augment preoperative autologous blood donation in elective cardiac surgery
Coyle D, Lee KM, Fergusson DA, Laupacis A
Economic analysis of erythropoietin use in orthopaedic surgery
Coyle D, Lee KM, Fergusson DA, Laupacis A
Transfusion Medicine. 1999;9((1):):21-30.
Economic evaluations of technologies to minimize perioperative transfusion: a systematic review of published studies
Fergusson D, van Walraven C, Coyle D, Laupacis A, International Study of Peri-operative Transfusion investigators
Transfusion Medicine Reviews. 1999;13((2):):106-17.