Elevation of d-dimer, but not pt and aptt, reflects the progression of covid-19 toward an unfavorable outcome: A meta-analysis
Iranian Journal of Blood and Cancer. 2020
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (abbreviated as COVID-19) is a mysterious respiratory syndrome symptomatically spanning from healthy carriers to patients with life-threatening complications, in some cases, leading to a mournful death For the time being, the contributory role of hematologists is much more recognized in the management of COVID-19, since the emergence of coagulopathy has recently been the focus of many studies in SARS-CoV-2 infection Methods: To provide a well-conceptualized viewpoint demonstrating the prognostic value of coagulation-related laboratory tests, we planned to perform a meta-analysis of pertinent literature representing information on PT, aPTT, and D-dimer tests in patients with COVID-19 Results: Albeit the estimated pooled means of PT and aPTT were higher in severe cases, their mean values were not significantly higher as compared with patients in a non-severe condition On the other hand, the mean value of D-dimer in severe patients was significantly higher than non-severe cases (X2=6 34, P=0 01), highlighting that the elevation of this parameter may be associated with the progression of the disease toward an unfavorable clinical outcome Conclusion: Even though at the time of writing this article the lack of adequate and appropriate studies denotes a major limitation to the current study, planning for the future research to determine the prognostic value of laboratory tests reflecting SARS-CoV-2-induced coagulopathy, mainly D-dimer, will definitively cast a flash of light on the significance of therapeutic anticoagulation at least for those with no absolute contraindication
A comparison of efficacy between recombinant activated factor VII (Aryoseven) and Novoseven in patients with hereditary FVIII deficiency with inhibitor
Clinical & Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis. 2016;22((2)):184-90.
INTRODUCTION This study compared the efficacy of Aryoseven with Novoseven to control bleeding episodes in patients with hemophilia A with inhibitors. METHODS Sixty-six patients were randomized into 2 groups, with 4 consecutive block randomization. These groups received Aryoseven and Novoseven dosages of 90 to 120 mug/kg intravenously every 2 hours. RESULTS Median (interquartile range) level of factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitor in groups A and B was 15.0 and 19.0 Bethesda Unit (BU) preadministration. Bleeding onset in group A was 1246 +/- 1104 minutes and in group B was 2301 +/- 1693 minutes (P = .311). The Kavakli global response scores and treatment success rate was comparable in both the groups. The side effects in groups A (9.7%) and B (2.9%) were comparable. CONCLUSION Biosimilar recombinant activated FVII is found to be as effective as Novoseven in the treatment of acute joint bleeding in patients with hemophilia with inhibitors. Its usage will decrease the gaps in hemophilia.Copyright © The Author(s) 2014.
A randomized trial of factor VIII and neutralizing antibodies in hemophilia A
The New England Journal of Medicine. 2016;374((21)):2054-64.
BACKGROUND The development of neutralizing anti-factor VIII alloantibodies (inhibitors) in patients with severe hemophilia A may depend on the concentrate used for replacement therapy. METHODS We conducted a randomized trial to assess the incidence of factor VIII inhibitors among patients treated with plasma-derived factor VIII containing von Willebrand factor or recombinant factor VIII. Patients who met the eligibility criteria (male sex, age <6 years, severe hemophilia A, and no previous treatment with any factor VIII concentrate or only minimal treatment with blood components) were included from 42 sites. RESULTS Of 303 patients screened, 264 underwent randomization and 251 were analyzed. Inhibitors developed in 76 patients, 50 of whom had high-titer inhibitors (≥5 Bethesda units). Inhibitors developed in 29 of the 125 patients treated with plasma-derived factor VIII (20 patients had high-titer inhibitors) and in 47 of the 126 patients treated with recombinant factor VIII (30 patients had high-titer inhibitors). The cumulative incidence of all inhibitors was 26.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 18.4 to 35.2) with plasma-derived factor VIII and 44.5% (95% CI, 34.7 to 54.3) with recombinant factor VIII; the cumulative incidence of high-titer inhibitors was 18.6% (95% CI, 11.2 to 26.0) and 28.4% (95% CI, 19.6 to 37.2), respectively. In Cox regression models for the primary end point of all inhibitors, recombinant factor VIII was associated with an 87% higher incidence than plasma-derived factor VIII (hazard ratio, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.17 to 2.96). This association did not change in multivariable analysis. For high-titer inhibitors, the hazard ratio was 1.69 (95% CI, 0.96 to 2.98). When the analysis was restricted to recombinant factor VIII products other than second-generation full-length recombinant factor VIII, effect estimates remained similar for all inhibitors (hazard ratio, 1.98; 95% CI, 0.99 to 3.97) and high-titer inhibitors (hazard ratio, 2.59; 95% CI, 1.11 to 6.00). CONCLUSIONS Patients treated with plasma-derived factor VIII containing von Willebrand factor had a lower incidence of inhibitors than those treated with recombinant factor VIII. (Funded by the Angelo Bianchi Bonomi Foundation and others; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT01064284; EudraCT number, 2009-011186-88.).
A Comparison Between Recombinant Activated Factor VII (Aryoseven) and Novoseven in Patients With Congenital Factor VII Deficiency
Clinical & Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis. 2015;21((8)):724-8.
In order to establish the efficacy and biosimilar nature of AryoSeven to NovoSeven in the treatment of congenital factor VII (FVII) deficiency, patients received either agent at 30 mug/kg, intravenously per week for 4 weeks, in a randomized fashion. The primary aim was to compare FVIIcoagulation activity (FVII:C), 20 minutes after recombinant activated FVII (rFVIIa) injection, in the 2 groups. A secondary measure was self-reported bleeding. The median interquartile baseline range of the plasma level of activated FVII (FVIIa) activity in the 2 groups was 1.6 (1.1-14.0) IU/dL and 5.0 (1.1-25.5) IU/dL. All patients achieved levels of FVIIa (FVII:C) >30 IU/dL, 20 minutes after the injection of rFVIIa. Bleeding was similar between the 2 groups, with a comparable decrease in severity and frequency compared to the last month prior to treatment. AryoSeven is similar to NovoSeven in increasing postinjection FVIIa activity as well as in clinical safety and efficacy. Copyright © The Author(s) 2014.
Autologous fibrin sealant in tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy; a prospective study
Urology Journal. 2013;10((3):):999-1003.
Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of autologous single-donor fibrin glue after tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).Materials and Methods: Forty-three patients were planned for tubeless PCNL in a prospective cohort study and randomized in two groups with or without using fibrin glue. Randomization method was based on the computer-generated random numbers.Results: Transfusion, urinary leakage, or major complications were found in neither of thegroups. There was no difference between two groups in stone free rate (P = .53), and changes in hemoglobin (P = .61) and serum creatinine (P = .63) level. Conclusion: Although autologous fibrin glue did not play any significant role in improving results or decreasing complications after tubeless PCNL in our study, its use was safe and did not increase complications.