Comparison of intra operative hemorrhage by blunt and sharp expansion of uterine incision at cesarean section
Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 2021;37(7):1994-1998
OBJECTIVES To compare the effect of blunt and sharp incision of uterus at cesarean section on intra-operative haemorrhage. METHODS This trial was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Pakistan Ordinance Factory Hospital, Wah Cantt from 14(th) January to 13(th) July 2012. Total 80 women planned for lower segment cesarean section through Pfannensteil incision were randomized to either blunt uterine incision (Group-A, n=40) or sharp uterine incision (Group-B, n=40). The fall in Haemoglobin and HCT was compared in two groups and analyzed with help of SPSS version 10. RESULTS Both groups were similar in terms of demographic features like age, parity, gestational age and indication for cesarean section. The participants in Group-A reveled significantly less drop of mean Hb concentration as compared to Group-B (1.47±1.08 and 1.95±0.85 respectively, P value 0.031). Similarly, the fall in mean HCT was significantly less in Group-A in comparison to Group-B (3.21±1.3 and 4.21±2.17 respectively, P-value 0.015). CONCLUSION Blunt expansion of uterine incision during caesarean section is associated with less fall in Haemoglobin and HCT as compared to sharp expansion.