Prognostic Value of Bleeding in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors: A Meta-Analysis
Technology in cancer research & treatment. 2021;20:15330338211034259
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal bleeding is the most common clinical manifestation of gastrointestinal stromal tumor. It is of great significance to the prognosis of patients. But the results are controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between gastrointestinal bleeding and clinical prognosis in patients with GIST. METHODS A systematic literature search was performed in Pumbed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, CNKI, VIP and wanfang databases with the pattern of unlimited languages. 12 studies with 2781 individuals were included in the final analysis. The overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival/disease-free survival (RFS/DFS) and related factors affecting bleeding in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) were extracted. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used for in the meta-analysis. RESULTS A total of 12 articles were included in the study, including 2781 patients with GIST, including 845 patients with gastrointestinal bleeding. The OS of GIST patients with gastrointestinal bleeding was significantly worse (HR = 2.54, 95% CI = 1.13-5.73, P = 0.025). But there was no significant difference in RFS between gastrointestinal bleeding patients and non-bleeding patients (HR = 1.35, 95% CI = 0.70-2.61, P = 0.371). Further analysis of the related factors of GI bleeding in GIST patients was observed, besides the aging factor (HR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.69-1.50, P = 0.929), Small intestinal stromal tumor (HR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.41-0.76, P < 0.001), tumor diameter ≥ 5 cm (HR = 2.09, 95% CI = 1.20-3.63, P = 0.009), Mitotic index ≥ 5/50 HPF (HR = 1.66, 95% CI = 1.11-2.49, P = 0.014) and tumor rupture (HR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.0-3.82, P = 0.026) all increased the risk of GI bleeding in patients with GIST. CONCLUSIONS The OS of GIST patients with GI bleeding was worse than non-GI bleeding, but had no significant effect on RFS. Nevertheless the aging factor, the location of GIST in the small intestine, tumor diameter ≥ 5 cm, Mitotic index ≥ 5/50 HPF and tumor rupture all increased the risk of GI bleeding in patients with GIST.
Application of tranexamic acid and diluted epinephrine in primary total hip arthroplasty
Blood Coagulation & Fibrinolysis : an International Journal in Haemostasis and Thrombosis. 2018;29((5):):451-457.
Tranexamic acid (TXA) and diluted epinephrine (DEP) has been reported to be an efficient and well tolerated way for reducing blood loss in total hip arthroplasty (THA). This meta-analysis was designed to compare the effectiveness of combination application of TXA with DEP in primary THA. The following electronic databases were searched, including PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure and Google Search Engine, for published studies involving the TXA with DEP in primary THA. All randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Statistical analysis was assessed using RevMan 5.3 software. Five independent RCTs were included, with a total sample size of 496 patients. The application of TXA with DEP can significantly reduce total blood loss (mean difference, 246.13; 95% CI, -369.95 to -122.32; P < 0.0001), hidden blood loss (mean difference, 299.98; 95% CI -433.61 to -166.35; P < 0.0001) and transfusion requirements (risk ratio, 0.50; 95% CI 0.28-0.90; P = 0.02) compared with the TXA alone. There were no significant differences in intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.46), drainage volume (P = 0.61), length of stay (P = 0.53) and the rate of DVT (P = 0.56) between the two groups. On the basis of current evidence, this meta-analysis showed that the application TXA with DEP is a well tolerated and efficacious treatment to reduce total blood loss, hidden blood loss and transfusion requirements in primary THA, without increasing the risk of DVT in primary THA.
Fibrin glue versus staple for mesh fixation in laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia: a meta-analysis and systematic review
Surgical Endoscopy. 2016;31((2):):527-537
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of mesh fixation using fibrin glue versus staple in laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair of inguinal hernia. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Database searches were carried out in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Cochrane databases until February 2016 using specific search terms. Studies which compared fibrin glue and staple for mesh fixation in laparoscopic transabdominal preperitoneal repair of inguinal hernia were enrolled. Outcomes, including inguinal hernia recurrence, chronic inguinal pain, seroma or hematoma formation and operating time, were measured. RESULTS Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs, 430 patients) and six non-randomized controlled trials (non-RCTs, 8637 patients) were analyzed. Meta-analysis of the four RCTs showed no significant difference in hernia recurrence (OR 2.10, 95 % CI 0.61, 7.22), seroma or hematoma formation (OR 0.55, 95 % CI 0.27, 1.14) and operating time (SMD 0.80, 95 % CI -0.34, 1.94). Similarly, there was no significant difference in most of the outcomes of the six non-RCTs. CONCLUSIONS Our meta-analysis and systematic review shows that the use of fibrin glue fixation may provide an alternative approach to staple fixation in TAPP inguinal hernia repair without increasing the postoperative morbidity. Large-scale RCTs with long-term follow-up are still needed to further assess postoperative outcomes such as chronic pain and disease recurrence.