The comparison effects of intra-articular injection of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), Plasma Rich in Growth Factor (PRGF), Hyaluronic Acid (HA), and ozone in knee osteoarthritis; a one year randomized clinical trial
BMC musculoskeletal disorders. 2021;22(1):134
BACKGROUND Our study compare the short and long-term efficacy of the intra articular injections (IAIs) of hyaluronic acid (HA), platelet-rich plasma (PRP), plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF), and ozone in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS In this randomized clinical trial, 238 patients with mild to moderate knee OA were randomized into 4 groups of IAIs: HA (3 doses weekly), PRP (2 doses with 3 weeks interval), PRGF (2 doses with 3 weeks interval), and Ozone (3 doses weekly). Our outcome measures were the mean changes from baseline (immediately from the first injections) until 2,6, and 12 months post intervention in scores of visual analog scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and Lequesne index. RESULTS A total of 200 patients enrolled in the final analysis. The mean age of patients was 56.9 ± 6.3 years, and 69.5% were women. In 2 months follow up, significant improvement of pain, stiffness, and function were seen in all groups compared to the baseline, but the ozone group had the best results (P < 0.05). In 6 month follow up HA, PRP, and PRGF groups demonstrated better therapeutic effects in all scores in comparison with ozone (P < 0.05). At the end of the 12th month, only PRGF and PRP groups had better results versus HA and ozone groups in all scores (P < 0.05). Despite the fact that ozone showed better early results, its effects begin to wear off earlier than other products and ultimately disappear in 12 months. CONCLUSIONS Ozone injection had rapid effects and better short-term results after 2 months, but its therapeutic effects did not persist after 6 months and at the 6-month follow up, PRP,PRGF and HA were superior to ozone. Only patients in PRP and PRGF groups improved symptoms persisted for 12 months. Therefore, these products could be the preferable choices for long-term management. TRIAL REGISTRATION Registered in the Iranian Center of Clinical Trials ( www.irct.ir ) in 11/11/2017 with the following code: IRCT2017082013442N17.
Prophylactic use of tranexamic acid for decreasing the blood loss in elective cesarean section: A placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial
Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction. 2021;50(1):101973
INTRODUCTION Tranexamic acid is used as a known treatment of post-partum hemorrhage both in natural vaginal deliveries and cesarean sections, but its use in elective cesarean as a prophylactic measure to decrease the blood loss is not so common. OBJECTIVE This clinical trial evaluates the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid in decreasing the bleeding in women undergoing elective cesarean section. METHOD 200 term singleton pregnant women who were scheduled for elective cesarean section were randomized to 2 groups and received a bolus of 1 gm tranexamic acid if body weight was <90 kg and 1.5 g if body weight was >90 kg diluted in 15 ml of 5% dextrose intravenously, or 5 ml of distilled water in 15 ml of 5% dextrose as placebo (before skin incision). Intra-operative and post-operative blood loss and hemoglobin levels were compared. RESULTS Tranexamic acid decreased the mean blood loss by 25.3 % in our studied women. Mean volume of intra-operative blood loss was 391.1 (±67.4) ml in tranexamic acid group and 523.8 (±153.4) ml in control group which was statistically significant lesser with a 132.7 ml difference. Rate of >1000 ml and >500 ml bleeding and need to blood transfusion were also statistically significant lower in tranexamic acid group., mean hemoglobin level was statistically significant lower in placebo group than tranexamic acid group (11.77 ± 0.50 versus 11.31 ± 0.56) 6 h after cesarean section. No adverse reaction was documented. CONCLUSION Prophylactic use of intravenous tranexamic acid decreases the blood loss safely in women undergoing elective cesarean section.
Fibrinogen prophylaxis for reducing perioperative bleeding in patients undergoing radical cystectomy: A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized trial
Journal of clinical anesthesia. 2021;73:110373
OBJECTIVE Excessive bleeding is an important complication of radical cystectomy. We aimed to assess whether preoperative administration of fibrinogen decreases perioperative bleeding and improves the outcome of radical cystectomy. DESIGN Double-blinded randomized trial with two parallel arms. SETTING The study was conducted in the department of surgery at a teaching hospital affiliated with a University of Medical Sciences. PATIENTS In total, 70 men undergoing radical cystectomy were randomized to fibrinogen (n = 35) and placebo-control groups. Mean (SD) age was 64.7 (7.4) years. INTERVENTIONS The intervention group received 2 g fibrinogen concentrate diluted in 100 ml distilled water, and the control group received 100 ml normal saline; both intravenously 15 ̶ 30 min before the start of the surgery. OUTCOME MEASURES The primary outcome was the amount of perioperative blood loss. The secondary outcomes were hemodynamic features and vital signs. MAIN RESULTS Fibrinogen significantly decreased the volume of blood loss (p < 0.001) and the total number of transfused packed-cell units per group (38 vs. 115 units); and compensated the decrease of HCO3 (p = 0.030), the mean arterial pressure (p < 0.001), hemoglobin O2 saturation (p = 0.001), heart rate (p < 0.001), and temperature (p < 0.001) throughout the surgery compared with the placebo. Patients in the fibrinogen group had shorter Intensive Care Unit (p = 0.001) and hospital (p < 0.001) stay. We did not find any adverse reaction in our patients receiving fibrinogen concentrate. CONCLUSION Fibrinogen concentrate reduces perioperative bleeding and the need for blood transfusion in radical cystectomy. It improves the outcomes of the surgery and decreases patients' length of stay in the healthcare system following radical cystectomy. REGISTRATION Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT) http://www.irct.ir/, reference number: IRCT20191013045091N1. ETHICS CODE Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, reference number: IR.SBMU.RETECH.REC.1398.033.
Knee osteoarthritis injection choices: platelet- rich plasma (PRP) versus hyaluronic acid (a one-year randomized clinical trial)
Clinical medicine insights. Arthritis and musculoskeletal disorders. 2015;8:1-8.
INTRODUCTION Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common articular disease. Different methods are used to alleviate the symptoms of patients with knee OA, including analgesics, physical therapy, exercise prescription, and intra-articular injections (glucocorticoids, hyaluronic acid [HA], etc). New studies have focused on modern therapeutic methods that stimulate cartilage healing process and improve the damage, including the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as a complex of growth factors. Due to the high incidence of OA and its consequences, we decided to study the long-term effect of intraarticular injection of PRP and HA on clinical outcome and quality of life of patients with knee OA. METHOD This non-placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial involved 160 patients affected by knee OA, grade 1-4 of Kellgren-Lawrence scale. In the PRP group (n = 87), two intra-articular injections at 4-week interval were applied, and in the HA group (n = 73), three doses of intra-articular injection at 1-week interval were applied. All patients were prospectively evaluated before and at 12 months after the treatment by Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and SF-36 questionnaires. The results were analyzed using SPSS 16.1 software (RCT code: IRCT2014012113442N5). RESULTS At the 12-month follow-up, WOMAC pain score and bodily pain significantly improved in both groups; however, better results were determined in the PRP group compared to the HA group (P < 0.001). Other WOMAC and SF-36 parameters improved only in the PRP group. More improvement (but not statistically significant) was achieved in patients with grade 2 OA in both the groups. CONCLUSION This study suggests that PRP injection is more efficacious than HA injection in reducing symptoms and improving quality of life and is a therapeutic option in select patients with knee OA who have not responded to conventional treatment.