Adjunctive effect of autologus platelet-rich fibrin to barrier membrane in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects
The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2016;27((3):):691-6
BACKGROUND AND AIM Autologous platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and barrier membranes in the treatment of intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients have shown significant clinical benefits. This study evaluates the additive effect of autologous PRF in combination with a barrier membrane versus the use of barrier membrane alone for the treatment of intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis patients. METHODS A randomized split-mouth design was used. Sixteen patients with 32 paired intrabony defects were included. In each patient 1 defect was treated using a resorbable collagen membrane along with PRF (test group) and the other defect by guided tissue regeneration alone (control group). The following clinical parameters were measured at baseline and after 9 months: plaque index, modified sulcus bleeding index, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and gingival marginal level. The radiographic defect depth was also assessed at baseline and after 9 months. RESULTS Test group showed a statistically significant improvement for probing depth (P = 0.002), clinical attachment level (P = 0.001), and radiographic defect depth (P < 0.001) after 9 months as compared with the control sites. Radiographic defect depth reduction was 58.19 +/- 13.24% in the test group as compared with 24.86 +/- 9.94% reduction in the control group. CONCLUSIONS The adjunctive use of PRF in combination with barrier membrane is more effective in the treatment of intrabony defects in chronic periodontitis as compared with barrier membrane alone.
Autologous platelet concentrates for bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw treatment and prevention. A systematic review of the literature
European Journal of Cancer. 2015;51((1):):62-74.
PURPOSE Bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is an adverse drug reaction consisting of progressive bone destruction in the maxillofacial region of patients under current or previous treatment with a bisphosphonate. Autologous platelet concentrates (APC) demonstrated to enhance bone and soft tissue healing in oral surgery procedures. The present systematic review aimed at evaluating if APC may improve treatment and prevention of BRONJ in patients under bisphosphonate therapy. METHODS MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane databases were searched using terms like bisphosphonates, osteonecrosis, BRONJ, platelet concentrate, PRP, PRF, PRGF. No language, publication date and study design limitation was set. A hand search of the bibliographies of identified articles was also performed. The primary outcome was recurrence/onset of BRONJ after oral surgery procedures. RESULTS Eighteen studies were included, reporting on 362 patients undergoing oral surgery in combination with APC. The adjunct of APC in BRONJ treatment significantly reduced osteonecrosis recurrence with respect to control. APC was associated with a lower BRONJ incidence after tooth extraction, though not significant. Heterogeneity was found regarding bisphosphonate type, clinical indication, treatment duration, triggering factors, study design, follow-up duration, type of APC, outcomes adopted to evaluate treatment success. CONCLUSION Though the results of this review must be cautiously interpreted, due to the low evidence level of the studies included, and the limited sample size, they are suggestive of possible benefits of APC when associated with surgical procedures for treatment or prevention of BRONJ. To confirm such indication, prospective comparative studies with a large sample size are urgently needed.Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.