Adult patients with thrombocytopenia (18 full economic evaluations).
No thrombopoietin mimetics, watch-and-rescue therapy, standard of care, rituximab, splenectomy or platelet transfusion.
Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios varied from a dominant strategy (cost-saving and more effective), to an incremental cost per quality-adjusted life year gained/health outcome of EUR 25,000-50,000, EUR 75,000-750,000 and EUR > 1 million, to a dominated strategy (cost-increasing and less effective). Few evaluations (n= 2, 10%) addressed the four principal types of uncertainty (methodological, structural, heterogeneity and parameter). Parameter uncertainty was most frequently reported (80%), followed by heterogeneity (45%), structural uncertainty (43%) and methodological uncertainty (28%).