Plasma transfusion in liver transplantation: a randomized, double-blind, multicenter clinical comparison of three virally secured plasmas
BACKGROUND The clinical equivalence of plasma treated to reduce pathogen transmission and untreated plasma has not been extensively studied. A clinical trial was conducted in liver transplant recipients to compare the efficacy of three plasmas. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS A randomized, equivalence, blinded trial was performed in four French liver transplantation centers. The three studied (fresh-frozen) plasmas were quarantine (Q-FFP), methylene blue (MB-FFP), and solvent/detergent (S/D-FFP) plasmas. The primary outcome was the volume of plasma transfused during transplantation. Secondary outcomes included intraoperative blood loss, hemostasis variables corrections, and adverse events. RESULTS One-hundred patients were randomly assigned in the MB-FFP, 96 in the S/D-FFP, and 97 in the Q-FFP groups, respectively. The median volumes of plasma transfused were 2254, 1905, and 1798 mL with MB-FFP, S/D-FFP, and Q-FFP, respectively. The three plasmas were not equivalent. MB-FFP was not equivalent to the two other plasmas, but S/D-FFP and Q-FFP were equivalent. The median numbers of transfused plasma units were 10, 10, and 8 units with MB-FFP, S/D-FFP, and Q-FFP, respectively. Adjustment on bleeding risk factors diminished the difference between groups: the excess plasma volume transfused with MB-FFP compared to Q-FFP was reduced from 24% to 14%. Blood loss and coagulation factors corrections were not significantly different between the three arms. CONCLUSION Compared to both Q-FFP and S/D-FFP, use of MB-FFP was associated with a moderate increase in volume transfused, partly explained by a difference in unit volume and bleeding risk factors. Q-FFP was associated with fewer units transfused than either S/D-FFP or MB-FFP. 2012 American Association of Blood Banks.
Comparative effects of small and large aprotinin doses on bleeding during orthotopic liver transplantation
Anesthesia & Analgesia. 1995;80((2):):349-52.
Large prophylactic doses of aprotinin efficiently reduce blood loss during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Small doses of aprotinin are usually used to treat fibrinolysis. However, no studies have investigated the benefit of prophylactic administration of a smaller dose of aprotinin during liver transplantation. We compared two methods of aprotinin therapy on transfusion outcome in liver transplant patients in a prospective study of 199 patients undergoing OLT who were randomized to large or small prophylactic doses of aprotinin during the transplant procedure. In the large-dose group (n = 94) an initial dose of 2,000,000 kallikrein inactivation units (KIU) was followed by infusion of 500,000 KIU/h until the patient's return to the intensive care unit. In the small-dose group (n = 95), an initial dose of 500,000 KIU was followed by an infusion of 150,000 KIU/h. Outcome measurements included intraoperative transfusion requirements (packed red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, platelets, intraoperative salvage) and postoperative hematologic values. There were no differences in transfusion requirements in the two groups of patients. Patients treated with low-dose aprotinin had slightly higher postoperative fibrinogen concentrations. Large-dose aprotinin therapy does not appear to offer additional benefit compared to low-dose aprotinin administration.