Low-dose PPI to prevent bleeding after ESD: A multicenter randomized controlled study
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie. 2021;136:111251
BACKGROUND Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used in the prevention of gastric bleeding caused by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), there is no consensus on the optimal regimen for these patients. Therefore, we aim to investigate whether intermittent use of low-dose PPI is sufficient to prevent post-ESD bleeding. METHODS This multicenter, non-inferiority, randomized controlled trial was conducted at 9 hospitals in China. Consecutive eligible patients with a diagnosis of gastric mucosal lesions after ESD treatment were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either intermittent low-dose or continuous high-dose PPIs treatment. After three days, all patients administered orally esomeprazole 40 mg once a day for 8 weeks. The primary endpoint was post-ESD bleeding within 7 days. Analysis was done according to the intention-to-treat principle with the non-inferiority margin (Δ) of 5%. RESULTS 526 consecutive patients were assessed for eligibility from 30 September 2017 to 30 July 2019, of whom 414 were randomly assigned to low-dose (n = 209) or high-dose (n = 205) esomeprazole treatment group without dropouts within7 days. The total post-ESD bleeding is occurred in 13 (6.2 %, 95 % CI 3.3-9.6) of 209 within 7 days in the intermittent low-dose group, and 12 (5.9 %, 95 % CI 2.9-9.3) of 205 in the continuous high-dose group. The absolute risk reduction (ARR) was 0.4 % (-4.2, 4.9). One month after ESD, There are 44 patients (21.1 %, 95 % CI 15.8, 26.8) and 39 patients (19.0 % 95 % CI 13.7, 24.4) in scar stage respectively in low-dose group and high-dose group (P = 0.875).The hospital costs in the low-dose PPI group was lower than high -dose group (P = 0.005). CONCLUSION The intermittent use of low-dose PPIs is sufficient to prevent post-ESD bleeding. It might be applied in clinical practice to prevent post-ESD bleeding and reduce the costs related to PPIs.
Hemostatic Agent May Improve Perioperative Outcomes in Partial Nephrectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Urologia internationalis. 2021;:1-8
BACKGROUND Hemostatic agents (HAs) are used to achieve hemostasis and prevent postoperative complications in multiple surgeries, but the role of HAs is ambiguous during partial nephrectomy (PN), so this study aimed to assess the role of HAs in PN. METHODS PubMed, Embase, CENTRAL and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for randomized controlled trials and cohort studies regarding the comparison of HA use alone and standard suturing during PN on January 17, 2020. RevMan 5.3 was used to conduct meta-analysis. Sensitivity analyses and subgroup analyses were performed based on surgical procedures and HA types. RESULTS Six studies involving 1,066 patients were included. The quality of studies was moderate to high. There were significant reductions in warm ischemia time (mean difference [MD] = -6.30 min, 95% confidence interval [CI] -7.70 to -4.90, p < 0.00001), operative time (MD = -19.81 min, 95% CI -27.54 to -12.08, p < 0.00001), and estimated blood loss (MD = -108.62 mL, 95% CI -177.27 to -39.9, p = 0.002) in the HA group, and HA use alone did not increase postoperative complications. The results were similar in the subgroup analyses and sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSION HA may be an effective and safe surgical material in PN, which can improve postoperative outcomes. High-quality and randomly designed studies are needed to validate the applicability.
The Efficacy of Ferumoxytol for Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Acta haematologica. 2019;:1-7
INTRODUCTION This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the influence of ferumoxytol versus placebo on iron deficiency anemia. METHODS We search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of ferumoxytol on iron deficiency anemia on PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases. This meta-analysis is performed using the random-effects model. RESULTS Four RCTs are included in the meta-analysis. Compared with the control group for iron deficiency anemia, intravenous ferumoxytol can significantly improve the proportion of patients with a ≥20 g/L hemoglobin (Hb) increase (RR = 18.43; 95% CI = 7.29-46.57; p < 0.00001), the proportion of patients with an Hb level ≥120 g/L (RR = 18.55; 95% CI = 8.66-39.72; p < 0.00001), transferrin saturation (mean difference = 11.08; 95% CI = 9.86-12.31; p < 0.00001) and FACIT-fatigue score (mean difference = 4.60; 95% CI = 3.21-6.00; p < 0.00001), but has no remarkable influence on adverse events (RR = 1.33; 95% CI = 0.84-2.10; p = 0.22), serious adverse events (RR = 1.22; 95% CI = 0.74-2.02; p = 0.44), and death (RR = 0.32; 95% CI = 0.05-1.95; p = 0.22). CONCLUSIONS Intravenous ferumoxytol can provide the important benefits for iron deficiency anemia.