Network meta-analysis of platelet-rich fibrin in periodontal intrabony defects
Ye L, Mashrah MA, Ge L, Fang Y, Guo X, Ge Q, Wang L
Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology. 2023
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin alone or in combination with different biomaterials for the treatment of periodontal intra-bony defect. METHODS Up to April 2022, Cochrane library, Medline, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases were searched for randomized clinical trials. The outcomes of interest were probing pocket depth reduction, clinical attachment level gain, bone gain, and bone defect depth reduction. Bayesian network meta-analysis with 95% credible intervals was calculated. RESULTS Thirty-eight studies with 1,157 participants were included. Platelet-rich fibrin alone or platelet-rich fibrin +biomaterials showed a statistically significant difference when compared with open flap debridement (P<0.05, low to high certainty evidence). Neither biomaterials alone nor platelet-rich fibrin +biomaterials showed a statistically insignificant difference when compared to platelet-rich fibrin alone (P>0.05, very low to high certainty evidence). Platelet-rich fibrin +biomaterials showed insignificant differences as compared to biomaterials alone (P>0.05, very low to high certainty evidence). Allograft +collagen membrane ranked the best in probing pocket depth reduction while platelet-rich fibrin +hydroxyapatite ranked the best in bone gain. CONCLUSION It seems that 1) Platelet-rich fibrin with/without biomaterials were more effective than open flap debridement. 2) Platelet-rich fibrin alone provides a comparable effect to biomaterials alone and platelet-rich fibrin +biomaterials. 3)Platelet-rich fibrin +biomaterials provide a comparable effect to biomaterials alone. Although allograft +collagen membrane and platelet-rich fibrin +hydroxyapatite ranked the best in terms of probing pocket depth reduction and bone gain respectively, the difference between different regenerative therapies remains insignificant, and therefore, further studies are still needed to confirm these results.
The safty profile of blood salvage applied for collected blood with amniotic fluid during cesarean section
Rong X, Guo X, Zeng H, Wang J, Li M, Wang Y
BMC pregnancy and childbirth. 2022;22(1):160
BACKGROUND The guidelines of National Health Service(NHS, the United Kingdom) recommended for use in obstetrics at increased risk of bleeding, requiring two suction devices to reduce amniotic fluid contamination, however, when comes to massive hemorrhage, it is may difficult to operate because the complex operation may delay time. The aim of the study was to detect the effect of amniotic fluid recovery on intraoperative cell salvage in obstetrics and provide evidence for clinical applications. METHOD Thirty-four patients undergoing elective cesarean section were randomly divided into two groups. In group 1, the cumulative blood from the operation field, including the amniotic fluid, was collected using a single suction device for processing. In group 2, after suctioning away the amniotic fluid using another suction device for the cumulative blood from the operation field. From each group, four samples were taken, including maternal venous blood (sample I), blood before washing (sample II), blood after washing (sample III) and blood after filtration with a leukocyte filter (sample IV), to detect serum potassium (K +), hemoglobin (Hb), white blood cell (WBC), fetal hemoglobin (HbF), alpha fetoprotein (AFP) and squamous cell (SC) levels. RESULTS The AFP, K + and WBC levels of sample III and sample IV were significantly lower than sample I in group 1 and group 2 (P < 0.05). Significantly more SCs were found in sample III than in sample I in group 1 and group 2 (P < 0.05), but SCs of sample IV had no statistical difference compared to sample I in group 1 and group 2 (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the K + , Hb, WBC, AFP and SC levels of sample IV between group 1 and group 2 (P > 0.05). The HbF levels of sample III and sample IV were significantly higher in group 1 than in group 2 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION There is little or no possibility for AF contamination to enter the re-infusion system when used in conjunction with a leucodepletion filter. For maternal with Rh-negative blood, we recommend two suction devices to reduce HbF pollution. TRIAL REGISTRATION ChiCTR1800015684 , 2018.4.15.
Early Tranexamic Acid in Intracerebral Hemorrhage: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Jiao X, Li M, Li L, Hu X, Guo X, Lu Y
Frontiers in neurology. 2021;12:721125
Objective: Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a common complication of traumatic brain, in which tranexamic acid has been recommended as an additional therapy to prevent a second bleeding. However, the effect of early administration of tranexamic acid for ICH patients remains controversial. Methods: A systematic search was performed in Cochrane Library, Medline, Embase, and Web of Science. Poor outcome refers to significant hemorrhage growth, new intracranial hemorrhage, new focal cerebral ischaemic lesions, the need for neurosurgery, or death. Study heterogeneity and publication bias were estimated. Results: Seven randomized controlled trials involving 3,192 participants were included in our meta-analysis. Tranexamic acid administration in ICH patients was associated with better outcomes of hematoma expansion (odd ratios [OR] 0.79; 95% confidence interval (CI) CI, 0.67-0.93; I (2) = 0%; P = 0.006) and growth of hemorrhagic lesions (weighted mean difference [WMD], -1.97 ml; 95% CI, -2.94 to -1.00; I (2) = 14%; P < 0.001) than the placebo. No difference was found between the mortality, poor outcome, neurosurgical intervention, new bleeding, and the duration of hospital stay. Moreover, no publication bias was found. Conclusion: Our analysis reveals that the early treatment with tranexamic acid can significantly reduce the incidence of hematoma expansion and the volume of hemorrhagic lesion, but does not exert considerable effects on mortality, poor outcome, neurosurgery, rebleeding, and the duration of stay.
High-dose dexamethasone plus recombinant human thrombopoietin versus high-dose dexamethasone alone as frontline treatment for newly diagnosed adult primary immune thrombocytopenia:a prospective, multicenter, randomized trial
Yu Y, Wang M, Hou Y, Qin P, Zeng Q, Yu W, Guo X, Wang J, Wang X, Liu G, et al
American journal of hematology. 2020
We conducted a prospective, multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial to compare the efficacy and safety of high-dose dexamethasone (HD-DXM) plus recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) versus HD-DXM alone in newly diagnosed adult immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients. Enrolled patients were randomly assigned to receive DXM plus rhTPO or DXM monotherapy. Another 4-day course of DXM was repeated if response was not achieved by day 10 in both arms. One hundred patients in the HD-DXM plus rhTPO arm and 96 patients in the HD-DXM monotherapy arm were included in the full analysis set. HD-DXM plus rhTPO resulted in a higher incidence of initial response (89.0% vs. 66.7%, P < 0.001) and complete response (CR, 75.0% vs. 42.7%, P < 0.001) compared with HD-DXM monotherapy. Response rate at 6 months was also higher in the HD-DXM plus rhTPO arm than that in the HD-DXM monotherapy arm (51.0% vs. 36.5%, P = 0.02; sustained CR: 46.0% vs. 32.3%, P = 0.043). Throughout the follow-up period, the overall duration of response was greater in the HD-DXM plus rhTPO arm compared to the HD-DXM monotherapy arm (P = 0.04), as estimated by the Kaplan-Meier analysis. The study drugs were generally well tolerated. In conclusion, the combination of HD-DXM with rhTPO significantly improved the initial response and yielded favorable SR in newly diagnosed ITP patients, thus could be further validated as a frontline treatment for ITP. This study is registered as clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT01734044. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Albumin infusion may decrease the incidence and severity of overt hepatic encephalopathy in liver cirrhosis
Bai Z, Bernardi M, Yoshida EM, Li H, Guo X, Mendez-Sanchez N, Li Y, Wang R, Deng J, Qi X
BACKGROUND The role of human albumin infusion for the prevention and treatment of overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE) in liver cirrhosis remains unclear. RESULTS Among the 708 patients without pre-existing overt HE, albumin infusion significantly decreased the incidence of overt HE (4.20% versus 12.70%, P<0.001) and in-hospital mortality (1.70% versus 5.40%, P=0.008). Among the 182 patients with overt HE at admission or during hospitalization, albumin infusion significantly improved overt HE (84.60% versus 68.10%, P=0.009) and decreased in-hospital mortality (7.70% versus 19.80%, P=0.018). Meta-analysis of 6 studies found that albumin infusion might decrease the risk of overt HE (OR=1.63, P=0.07), but the difference was not statistically significant. Meta-analysis of 3 studies found that albumin infusion significantly improved overt HE (OR=2.40, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS Based on the results of our retrospective study and meta-analysis, albumin infusion might prevent from the occurrence of overt HE and improve the severity of overt HE in cirrhosis. Our retrospective study also suggested that albumin infusion improved the outcomes of cirrhotic patients regardless of overt HE. METHODS Cirrhotic patients consecutively admitted between January 2010 and June 2014 were considered in a retrospective study. A 1:1 propensity score matching analysis was performed. Additionally, publications regarding albumin infusion for the management of overt HE were systematically searched. Meta-analyses were performed by random-effect model. Odds ratio (OR) was calculated.
Covered TIPS for secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Qi X, Tian Y, Zhang W, Zhao H, Han G, Guo X
BACKGROUND In the era of bare stents, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is the second-line choice of therapy for the prevention of variceal rebleeding in liver cirrhosis. In the era of covered stents, the role of TIPS should be re-evaluated. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of covered TIPS versus the traditional first-line therapy (i.e, drug plus endoscopic therapy) for the prevention of variceal rebleeding in liver cirrhosis. METHODS All relevant randomized controlled trials were searched via the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. Hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and P values were calculated for the cumulative risk and overall risk, respectively. Heterogeneity among studies was also calculated. RESULTS Three of 111 retrieved papers were eligible. Among them, the proportion of patients who were switched from drug plus endoscopic therapy to TIPS was 16% to 25%. The risk of bias was relatively low in all included randomized controlled trials. Meta-analyses demonstrated that the covered TIPS group had a similar overall survival (HR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.55-1.28, P = 0.41; OR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.59-1.69, P = 0.99), a significantly lower risk of variceal rebleeding (HR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.18-0.48, P < 0.00001; OR = 0.24, 95% CI = 0.12-0.46, P < 0.0001), and a similar risk of hepatic encephalopathy (HR = 1.35, 95% CI = 0.72-2.53, P = 0.36; OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 0.54-3.04, P = 0.57). In most of meta-analyses, the heterogeneity among studies was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS Compared with drug plus endoscopic therapy, covered TIPS had a significant benefit of preventing from variceal rebleeding, but did not increase the overall survival or risk of hepatic encephalopathy.
Hemostasis effect of compression dressing therapy after total hip arthroplasty
Tan M, Wu T, Guo J, Zhang C, Fan Z, Guo X
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi = Zhongguo Xiufu Chongjian Waike Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery. 2016;30((4)):416-20.
OBJECTIVE To investigate the hemostasis effect of compression dressing therapy after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS Thirty-four patients undergding unilateral THA between December 2014 and March 2015 were randomly divided into observation group (compression dressing group, n = 17) and control group (ordinary dressing group, n = 17). There was no significant difference in gender, age, height, weight, lesion hips, pathogeny, disease duration, and preoperative hemoglobin between 2 groups (P > 0.05). The total blood loss theoretical value, the postoperative drainage volume, the visible blood loss, the hidden blood loss, the total blood transfusion volume, the number of patients receiving blood transfusion, and the related complications were compared between 2 groups. RESULTS No significant difference was found in operation time and hospitalization time between 2 groups (t = 0.337, P = 0.738; t = 0.140, P = 0.889). The incisions healed by first intention in all patients. Six cases had incision subcutaneous hematoma in the control group, no incision subcutaneous hematoma occurred in the observation group (chi(2) = 7.286, P = 0.018). No postoperative complications of wound superficial infection and venous thrombosis occurred in 2 groups. After operation, blood transfusion was given in 1 case of observation group and 7 cases of control group, showing significant difference (chi(2) = 5.885, P = 0.039), and the total blood transfusion volume was 600 mL and 3 200 mL, respectively. There was no significant difference in preoperative blood volume and intraoperative blood loss between 2 groups (P>0.05), but the total blood loss theoretical value, the postoperative drainage volume, the visible blood loss, and the hidden blood loss in observation group were significantly less than those in control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION The compression dressing should be performed after THA because it can effectively reduce postoperative blood loss and the incidence of wound hematoma.
Thrombopoietin receptor agonists significantly increase the risk of portal vein thrombosis in liver diseases: Meta-analysis of RCTs
Qi X, De Stefano V, Guo X, Fan D
Thrombosis & Haemostasis. 2015;113((6)):1378-80.