Intra-Articular Leukocyte-Rich Platelet-Rich Plasma versus Intra-Articular Hyaluronic Acid in the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: A Meta-Analysis of 14 Randomized Controlled Trials
Pharmaceuticals (Basel, Switzerland). 2022;15(8)
(1) Background: To evaluate the clinical effects of leukocyte-rich platelet-rich plasma (LR-PRP) and hyaluronic acid (HA) injections in treating patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis (OA); (2) Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were searched from PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Keywords were: platelet-rich plasma, LR-PRP, leukocyte-rich, hyaluronic acid, and knee osteoarthritis. The included RCTs were published between the 1st of November 2011 and the 3rd of February 2021. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores, visual analog scale (VAS) scores, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores, and adverse events were used as outcomes for evaluation; (3) Results: A total of 14 RCTs were enrolled. At 6 months, revealed that the LR-PRP group was better than the HA group in WOMAC total, pain, and physical function scores. At 12 months, the LR-PRP group was better than the HA group in WOMAC stiffness and physical function scores. There was no significant difference in adverse events; (4) Conclusion: LR-PRP injection showed no significant pain relief effect as compared with HA injection. However, LR-PRP demonstrated better overall outcomes as compared to HA in knee OA patients at the follow-up periods of 3, 6, and 12 months. LR-PRP injection may be recommended as a feasible option in treating patients with knee OA.
Systemic effects of platelet-rich plasma local injection on serum and urinary anabolic metabolites: A prospective randomized study
The Chinese journal of physiology. 2020;63(6):294-300
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely utilized in the treatment of sports injuries. However, potential systemic effects after localized PRP injection are unclear at present. In this prospective randomized study, 24 Taiwanese male athletes with tendinopathy were randomized into a PRP group (n = 13) or a saline group (n = 11). The concentrations of serum and urine biomarkers were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay assessment as well as gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric analysis, respectively. The results showed no significant differences in serum levels of growth hormone, insulin-like growth factor-1, insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3, vascular endothelial growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor-BB, or serum substance P(SP) between the two groups before intervention, nor at 1, 2, or 7 days after intervention. However, a significant decrease in the serum SP level 1 and 7 days after PRP injection was observed. Regarding urinary concentrations of metabolites of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS), no between-group differences before intervention, nor at 1, 2, or 7 days after intervention, were observed. Our study failed to observe significant surge of serum anabolic molecules and urinary excretion of anabolic AAS metabolites after PRP injection.
Fluid resuscitation in patients with severe burns: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. 2017;25((3):):320-329
OBJECTIVES Fluid resuscitation is the mainstay treatment to reconstitute intravascular volume and maintain end-organ perfusion in patients with severe burns. The use of a hyper-osmotic or iso-osmotic solution in fluid resuscitation to manage myocardial depression and increased capillary permeability during burn shock has been debated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacies of hyper-osmotic and iso-osmotic solutions in restoring hemodynamic stability after burn injuries. METHODS PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and ClinicalTrials. gov registry were searched. Randomized control trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of hyper-osmotic and iso-osmotic fluid resuscitation in patients with burn injuries were selected. Eligible trials were abstracted and assessed for the risk of bias by 2 reviewers and results of hemodynamic indicators in the included trials were analyzed. RESULTS Ten trials including 502 participants were published between 1983 and 2013. Compared with iso-osmotic group, the hyper-osmotic group exhibited a significant decrease in the fluid load (vol/%TBSA/weight) at 24 h postinjury, with a mean difference of -0.54 (95% confidence interval = -0.92 to -0.17). No differences were observed in the urine output, creatinine level, and mortality at 24 h postinjury between groups. CONCLUSIONS Hyper-osmotic fluid resuscitation appears to be an attractive choice for severe burns in terms of total body surface area or burn depth. Further investigation is recommended before conclusive recommendation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.