Individualized red-cell transfusion strategy for non-cardiac surgery in adults: a randomized controlled trial
Liao R, Liu J, Zhang W, Zheng H, Zhu Z, Sun H, Yu Z, Jia H, Sun Y, Qin L, et al
Chinese medical journal. 2023
BACKGROUND Red-cell transfusion is critical for surgery during the peri-operative period; however, the transfusion threshold remains controversial mainly owing to the diversity among patients. The patient's medical status should be evaluated before making a transfusion decision. Herein, we developed an individualized transfusion strategy using the West-China-Liu's Score based on the physiology of oxygen delivery/consumption balance and designed an open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial to verify whether it reduced red cell requirement as compared with that associated with restrictive and liberal strategies safely and effectively, providing valid evidence for peri-operative transfusion. METHODS Patients aged >14 years undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery with estimated blood loss > 1000 mL or 20% blood volume and hemoglobin concentration <10 g/dL were randomly assigned to an individualized strategy, a restrictive strategy following China's guideline or a liberal strategy with a transfusion threshold of hemoglobin concentration <9.5 g/dL. We evaluated two primary outcomes: the proportion of patients who received red blood cells (superiority test) and a composite of in-hospital complications and all-cause mortality by day 30 (non-inferiority test). RESULTS We enrolled 1182 patients: 379, 419, and 384 received individualized, restrictive, and liberal strategies, respectively. Approximately 30.6% (116/379) of patients in the individualized strategy received a red-cell transfusion, less than 62.5% (262/419) in the restrictive strategy (absolute risk difference, 31.92%; 97.5% confidence interval [CI]: 24.42-39.42%; odds ratio, 3.78%; 97.5% CI: 2.70-5.30%; P<0.001), and 89.8% (345/384) in the liberal strategy (absolute risk difference, 59.24%; 97.5% CI: 52.91-65.57%; odds ratio, 20.06; 97.5% CI: 12.74-31.57; P<0.001). No statistical differences were found in the composite of in-hospital complications and mortality by day 30 among the three strategies. CONCLUSION The individualized red-cell transfusion strategy using the West-China-Liu's Score reduced red-cell transfusion without increasing in-hospital complications and mortality by day 30 when compared with restrictive and liberal strategies in elective non-cardiac surgeries. TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01597232.
Efficacy, safety and bioequivalence of the human-derived B-domain-deleted recombinant factor VIII TQG202 for prophylaxis in severe haemophilia A patients
Xi Y, Jin C, Liu W, Zhou H, Wang Z, Zhou R, Lou S, Zhao X, Chen F, Cheng P, et al
Haemophilia : the official journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia. 2022
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INTRODUCTION Current treatment of severe haemophilia A includes prophylaxis with factor VIII (FVIII) replacement. The supply of plasma-derived FVIII is short in China. PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new B-domain deleted (BDD) recombinant FVIII (TQG202) produced by human-derived cells for prophylaxis in severe haemophilia A patients and compare the bioequivalence with Xyntha. METHODS This multicentre, clinical trial consisted of an open-label, randomized, two-period cross-over trial assessing single-dose pharmacokinetics (PK), and a single-arm clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of 24 weeks of TQG202 prophylaxis, and repeated PK were assessed after prophylaxis phase. The single-dose was 50 IU/kg in PK assessment, and the initial dose was 30 ± 5 IU/kg for prophylaxis. The primary endpoints of prophylaxis were the annualized bleeding rate (ABR) and the incremental recovery rate of the first administration. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded. RESULTS Twenty-six participants were enrolled in the PK assessment and 81 participants in the prophylaxis phase. Mean age was 25.9 ± 10.8 years and all participants were male. The results of PK assessment showed TQG202 is bioequivalent to Xyntha. The total ABR was 2.0 (95% CI: 1.2-2.9) in prophylaxis phase. The mean incremental recovery rate of the first administration was .027 (95% CI: .026-.028) (IU/ml)/(IU/kg). AEs occurred in 42 participants, with an incidence of 51.9%. One severe AE not related to TQG202 occurred. No participants developed FVIII inhibitors. CONCLUSION TQG202 shows bioequivalence with Xyntha. The promising efficacy and tolerability in the severe haemophilia A prophylaxis support the use of TQG202in clinical practice.