Exploration on the effect of predeposit autotransfusion on bone marrow hematopoiesis after femoral shaft fracture
Li ZZ, Wang H, Jia DL, Wang JH, Jia-Ming X, Li M, Guo JR
Transfusion clinique et biologique : journal de la Societe francaise de transfusion sanguine. 2020
OBJECTIVE By observing the changes in the number and activity of CD34+ cells in bone marrow after predeposit autotransfusion (PAT) to patients with femoral shaft fracture (FSF), to evaluate the effects of PAT on hematopoietic function and hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow. METHODS Selected FSF patients were randomly divided into 2 groups: the control group (patients did not receive blood transfusion after surgery) and PAT group (patients received PAT after surgery). The content of RBC and Plt in blood samples were counted by blood routine. The cell cycle and proportion of CD34+ myelinated cells in blood samples was analyzed by flow cytometry. The telomere DNA length of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the control groups and PAT group at postoperation 24 was analyzed by southern blot. RESULTS The content of RBC and Plt in postoperation 6h and 24h in the control group was evidently higher compared to that in PAT group, while Hb content in control group was significantly lower compared to that in PAT group. The proportion of CD34+ myelinated cells in post-transfusion 6h and postoperation 24h in PAT group was evidently higher compared to that in the control group. In PAT group, S phase at postoperation 24h was significantly larger compared to that at post-transfusion 6h. The telomere DNA length of HSCs in PAT group was longer than that in the control group. CONCLUSION PAT can increase the number of HSC, while doesn't cause the abnormal aging of HSCs. PAT is suitable for postoperative blood transfusion of patients with FSF.
Efficacy of neuroendoscopic surgery versus craniotomy for supratentorial hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Zhao XH, Zhang SZ, Feng J, Li ZZ, Ma ZL
Brain and behavior. 2019;:e01471
BACKGROUND Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage (HCH) is a potentially life-threatening neurological condition with an extremely high morbidity and mortality. In recent years, neuroendoscopy has been used to treat intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the choice of neuroendoscopic surgery versus craniotomy for patients with intracerebral hemorrhages is controversial. AIM: We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of neuroendoscopic surgery compared with craniotomy in patients with supratentorial hypertensive ICH. METHODS A systematic electronic search was conducted of online electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library updated on December 2017. The meta-analysis only included randomized controlled studies. RESULTS Three randomized controlled trials met our inclusion criteria. The pooled analysis of death showed that neuroendoscopic surgery decreased the rate of death when compared with craniotomy (RR = 0.58, 95% CI 0.26-1.29; p = .18). The pooled result of complications indicated that neuroendoscopic surgery has a tendency toward lower complications (RR = 0.37, 95% CI 0.28-0.49; p < .001). CONCLUSIONS Our results suggested that neuroendoscopic surgery has lower complications, but no superior advantages in morbidity rates. Since the advantage of neuroendoscopic surgery has been performed in some area, the continuation of multi-center comparative investigation with craniotomy may be necessary. Moreover, some efforts need to be taken in selecting appropriate patients with different treatments.