Trauma patients (72 studies).
Scoping review to characterize the existing literature regarding predictor scores for transfusion in injured patients, to analyse the utility of predictor scores for massive transfusions in the prehospital setting, and to identify pre-hospital predictor scores for future research.
Sixteen single variables and fifty-two scoring systems were identified for predicting transfusion. Amongst single predictor variables, fluids administered and systolic blood pressure had the highest reported sensitivity (100%) and specificity (89%) for massive transfusion protocol (MTP) activation respectively. Amongst scoring systems for transfusion, the Shock Index and Modified Shock Index had the highest reported sensitivity (96%), while the Pre-arrival Model had the highest reported specificity (95%) for MTP activation. Overall, 20 scores were identified as being applicable to the pre-hospital setting, 25 scores were identified as being potentially applicable, and seven scores were identified as being not applicable.