Timing of intraoperative crystalloid infusion may decrease total volume of infusate without affecting early graft function in live related renal transplant surgery: A randomized, surgeon-blinded clinical study
Indian journal of urology : IJU : journal of the Urological Society of India. 2022;38(1):53-61
INTRODUCTION Early graft function is crucial for successful kidney transplantation. Intravascular volume maintenance is paramount in ensuring reperfusion of transplanted kidney. This study was planned to compare whether the timing of fluid infusion can help to decrease amount of fluid given without altering early graft function during renal transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS The present study included forty recipients, randomized into standard (Group-S) or targeted fluid therapy (Group-T). Group S received fluid according to conventional fasting deficit while Group T received at 1 ml/kg/h from the start of surgery till start of vascular anastomosis after which fluid infusion rate in both group was increased to maintain a central venous pressure of 13-15 mm of Hg till reperfusion. Primary outcome measured was serum creatinine level on first postoperative day while secondary outcomes were IV fluid given, perioperative hemodynamics, onset of diuresis, graft turgidity, urine output, and renal function during first 6 postoperative days. RESULTS The study showed Group T postoperatively had early fall in serum creatinine (day 3) than S (day 6) although this difference was not statistically significant. Group T had received significantly less fluid per kg of dry weight (T-42.7 ± 9.7 ml/kg, S-61.1 ± 11.1 ml/kg, P < 0.001), had early diuresis, better graft turgidity and urine output than Group S. CONCLUSION Targeted hydration significantly decreases the total amount of fluid infused during the intraoperative period without altering early graft function. Targeted hydration during vascular anastomosis produced stable hemodynamics and early diuresis without any side-effects pertaining to hypo or hyper-volemia.Clinical trial identifier number-CTRI/2016/07/007111.
Magnesium sulfate or diltiazem as adjuvants to total intravenous anesthesia to reduce blood loss in functional endoscopic sinus surgery
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia. 2016;34:179-85.
STUDY OBJECTIVE This study was designed to know whether addition of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) or diltiazem to total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) (propofol) aided reduction in blood loss during functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). The secondary outcomes measured were surgeon's assessment of the surgical field and hemodynamics. DESIGN Randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING Operating room. PATIENTS Forty-five American Society of Anesthesiologists I and II adult patients (18-60years) undergoing FESS. INTERVENTIONS All groups received propofol-fentanyl TIVA. Patients were randomly allocated to 1 of the 3 groups (MgSO4 group, n=15; diltiazem group, n=15; saline group, n=15). MEASUREMENTS Intraoperative bleeding was quantified, and quality of surgical field was graded. Hemodynamic parameters were recorded. MAIN RESULTS Addition of both MgSO4 and diltiazem significantly reduced blood loss (240 and 350mL) in comparison to control group (415mL) (P=.003). The surgical field was significantly better in the MgSO4 group compared with the diltiazem (P=.028) and saline groups (P=.0001). CONCLUSION It was concluded that the addition of both MgSO4 and diltiazem to TIVA propofol results in significant reduction in blood loss and significant improvement in the quality of surgical field during FESS without causing any adverse effects on the hemodynamics or on the recovery from anesthesia. The surgical field in the MgSO4 group was significantly better than that in the diltiazem group (P=.04).