Haemostatic devices in parotid surgery: a systematic review
The Journal of laryngology and otology. 2021;:1-7
OBJECTIVE The Harmonic Scalpel and Ligasure (Covidien) devices are commonly used in head and neck surgery. Parotidectomy is a complex and intricate surgery that requires careful dissection of the facial nerve. This study aimed to compare surgical outcomes in parotidectomy using these haemostatic devices with traditional scalpel and cautery. METHOD A systematic review of the literature was performed with subsequent meta-analysis of seven studies that compared the use of haemostatic devices to traditional scalpel and cautery in parotidectomy. Outcome measures included: temporary facial paresis, operating time, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative drain output and length of hospital stay. RESULTS A total of 7 studies representing 675 patients were identified: 372 patients were treated with haemostatic devices, and 303 patients were treated with scalpel and cautery. Statistically significant outcomes favouring the use of haemostatic devices included operating time, intra-operative blood loss and post-operative drain output. Outcome measures that did not favour either treatment included facial nerve paresis and length of hospital stay. CONCLUSION Overall, haemostatic devices were found to reduce operating time, intra-operative blood loss and post-operative drain output.
Thrombopoietin following transfusion of platelets in preterm neonates
Thrombocytopenia is common in the neonatal intensive care unit. Transfusion of platelets is often required. The purpose of our study was to determine changes in thrombopoietin (Tpo) following transfusion of platelets in preterm neonates. Preterm neonates undergoing platelet transfusion were randomized to receive a transfusion volume of either 10 or 15 ml/kg. Blood was obtained for Tpo measurement pre-transfusion, one and 24 hours post-transfusion. Platelet Factor 4 (PF4) was also measured to quantify platelet activation. Statistical analysis was performed using repeated measures ANOVA, and Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate. Ten infants were enrolled in each group. Gestational age, birth weight, etiology of thrombocytopenia, and timing of transfusion did not differ between the 10 and 15 ml/kg groups. There were no differences between the groups in platelet count prior to and/or following transfusion. Both transfusion volumes were equally well tolerated. Tpo and PF4 did not differ between groups at any of the study time points. When both groups were analysed together, Tpo dropped 43% (95% confidence 37-49%, p = 0. 01) 1-hour post compared to pre-transfusion. In conclusion the observed decrease in Tpo following platelet transfusion suggests that Tpo kinetics in neonates is similar to adults following transfusion. PF4 was not affected by transfusion. There was not an increase in platelet count following transfusion volume of 15 ml/kg compared to 10 ml/kg.