Effects of Autologous Platelet-Rich Plasma on Healing of Peptic Ulcers: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Xu T, Tian Y, Wang Y, Yi Z, Li C, Wang S, Fan Y, Yao C, Peng G, Lu H
Gastroenterology research and practice. 2022;2022:7944849
PURPOSE Peptic ulcer is a multifactorial and complex disease and affects a wide range of people worldwide. We provided a novel therapeutic approach for peptic ulcer and observed its effect. METHODS Peptic ulcer patients were enrolled from 2016 to 2017 in Chongqing and randomly assigned to two groups: a control group that used only rabeprazole and a platelet-rich plasma (PRP) group that received a combination therapy of autologous PRP (aPRP) and rabeprazole. The therapeutic effect was assessed via the ulcer size and symptom score. RESULTS A total of 27 patients were included (12 patients in the control group and 15 patients in the PRP group) in this study. Our results showed that all participants have healed in 30 days, and there was no significant difference in healing time between the PRP group and the control group in different independent variables. However, regression analysis revealed that the healing time was 6.99 days shorter in the PRP group than that in the control group, and patients with higher symptom scores in the initial examination need more time to heal during treatment. Endoscopic results showed that the repaired ulcer in the PRP group was more similar to the normal gastric mucosa tissue than that the control group. CONCLUSION This study showed an encouraging preliminary result that aPRP has a positive result in patients with peptic ulcer and seems to be a better choice for refractory peptic ulcer treatment. Although further follow-up studies are needed to determine the duration of efficacy of aPRP, the approach will be helpful in improving the clinical treatment of peptic ulcer.
Clinical Outcomes of Negative Balloon-Assisted Enteroscopy for Obscure Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Shao XD, Shao HT, Wang L, Zhang YG, Tian Y
Frontiers in medicine. 2022;9:772954
BACKGROUND For patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB), finding the bleeding site is challenging. Balloon-assisted enteroscopy (BAE) has become the preferred diagnostic modality for OGIB. The long-term outcome of patients with negative BAE remains undefined. The present study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of patients with negative BAE results for OGIB and to clarify the effect of further investigations at the time of rebleeding with a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available cohort studies. METHODS Studies were searched through the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases. The following indexes were analyzed: rebleeding rate after negative BAE, rebleeding rate after different follow-up periods, the proportion of patients who underwent further evaluation after rebleeding, the percentage of patients with identified rebleeding sources, and the percentage of patients with rebleeding sources in the small intestine. Heterogeneity was assessed using the I(2) test. RESULTS Twelve studies that involved a total of 407 patients were included in the analysis. The pooled rebleeding rate after negative BAE for OGIB was 29.1% (95% CI: 17.2-42.6%). Heterogeneity was significant among the studies (I(2) = 88%; p < 0.0001). The Chi-squared test did not show a difference in rebleeding rates between the short and long follow-up period groups (p = 0.142). The pooled proportion of patients who underwent further evaluation after rebleeding was 86.1%. Among the patients who underwent further evaluation, rebleeding sources were identified in 73.6% of patients, and 68.8% of the identified rebleeding lesions were in the small intestine. CONCLUSION A negative result of BAE in patients with OGIB indicates a subsequently low risk of rebleeding. Further evaluation should be considered after rebleeding.
Measurement of postpartum blood loss using a new two-set liquid collection bag for vaginal delivery: A prospective, randomized, case control study
Wang F, Lu N, Weng X, Tian Y, Sun S, Li B
Free full text
BACKGROUND Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major obstetric complication, and the real-time measurement of blood loss is important in the management and treatment of PPH. We designed a new two-set liquid collection bag (TSLCB) for measuring postpartum blood loss in vaginal delivery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the TSLCB in separating the blood from the amniotic fluid during vaginal delivery and in determining the accuracy of the measured postpartum blood loss. METHODS A prospective, randomized, case control study was conducted in the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, from March 2018 to April 2018. Sixty single pregnant women with spontaneous labor at 37-41 weeks without maternal complications were randomly divided into the experimental and control groups. The TSLCB was used to evaluate separately the amount of blood and amniotic fluid. For the control group, visual estimation and traditional plastic blood-collecting consumables were used to estimate the amount of postpartum blood loss. The measured blood loss between the two groups was compared, and the association of the measured blood loss with various clinical lab indices and vital signs was investigated. RESULTS The TSLCB (the experimental group) improved the detection of the measured blood loss compared with visual estimation and the traditional method (the control group) (P < .05). In the experimental group, correlation analysis showed that the measured blood loss at delivery and within 24 h of delivery was significantly associated with the decreased hemoglobin level, red blood cell count, and hematocrit level of patients (r = -0.574, -0.455, -0.437; r = 0.-595, -0.368, -0.374; P < .05). In the control group, only the measured blood loss within 24 h of delivery was associated with the decreased hemoglobin level (r = -0.395, P < .05). No blood transfusion and plasma expanders were required in the treatment of PPH for both groups. CONCLUSIONS The TSLCB can be used to accurately measure the postpartum blood loss in vaginal delivery by medical personnel.
Covered TIPS for secondary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding in liver cirrhosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Qi X, Tian Y, Zhang W, Zhao H, Han G, Guo X
BACKGROUND In the era of bare stents, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is the second-line choice of therapy for the prevention of variceal rebleeding in liver cirrhosis. In the era of covered stents, the role of TIPS should be re-evaluated. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the outcomes of covered TIPS versus the traditional first-line therapy (i.e, drug plus endoscopic therapy) for the prevention of variceal rebleeding in liver cirrhosis. METHODS All relevant randomized controlled trials were searched via the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. Hazard ratios (HRs) and odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and P values were calculated for the cumulative risk and overall risk, respectively. Heterogeneity among studies was also calculated. RESULTS Three of 111 retrieved papers were eligible. Among them, the proportion of patients who were switched from drug plus endoscopic therapy to TIPS was 16% to 25%. The risk of bias was relatively low in all included randomized controlled trials. Meta-analyses demonstrated that the covered TIPS group had a similar overall survival (HR = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.55-1.28, P = 0.41; OR = 1.00, 95% CI = 0.59-1.69, P = 0.99), a significantly lower risk of variceal rebleeding (HR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.18-0.48, P < 0.00001; OR = 0.24, 95% CI = 0.12-0.46, P < 0.0001), and a similar risk of hepatic encephalopathy (HR = 1.35, 95% CI = 0.72-2.53, P = 0.36; OR = 1.28, 95% CI = 0.54-3.04, P = 0.57). In most of meta-analyses, the heterogeneity among studies was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS Compared with drug plus endoscopic therapy, covered TIPS had a significant benefit of preventing from variceal rebleeding, but did not increase the overall survival or risk of hepatic encephalopathy.
"Low-dose" aprotinin modifies hemostasis but not proinflammatory cytokine release
Ashraf S, Tian Y, Cowan D, Nair U, Chatrath R, Saunders NR, Watterson KG, Martin PG
Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 1997;63((1):):68-73.
BACKGROUND Cytokines are implicated in the pathogenesis of the "whole-body inflammatory response" that may complicate the period after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Low-Dose aprotinin in the pump during CPB has been shown to improve postoperative hemostasis and platelet preservation. We tested the hypothesis that low-dose aprotinin influences the inflammatory reaction (in terms of cytokine release) after CPB. METHODS In a prospective, randomized study, 36 patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting were investigated. Nineteen patients received low-dose aprotinin (2 x 10(6) KIU (280 mg] in the pump), and a control group of 19 did not. Complement activation, cytokine production, leukocyte elastase release. D-dimer level, full blood count, postoperative blood loss, and transfusion requirements were analyzed before, during, and after after CPB. RESULTS Interleukin-1 beta was not detected in either group, whereas traces of tumor necrosis factor-alpha were infrequently observed. Plasma elastase, interleukin-6, interleukin-8, and neutrophil count increased (p < 0.001) during and after CPB compared with the baseline levels, reaching a peak at 2 hours after protamine administration in both groups before returning toward baseline at 24 hours. Proinflammatory cytokine markers did not differ significantly (p > 0.1) between the groups throughout the study period. The C5b-9 level increased (p < 0.001) in both groups perioperatively, reaching its peak 15 minutes after protamine. Twenty-four-hour postoperative blood loss was significantly (p < 0.001) reduced in the aprotinin group in association with markedly reduced D-dimer levels (p < 0.001). Patients in the aprotinin group also received significantly less banked blood postoperatively than the control group (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS Low-dose aprotinin fails to modify proinflammatory cytokine release, yet confers hemostatic improvement through reduced fibrinolysis in patients undergoing routine coronary artery bypass grafting.