Application of Different Doses of Tranexamic Acid Plus Traditional Chinese Medicine in Hip Arthroplasty in Patients with Diabetes and Its Influence on Intraoperative Blood Loss and Postoperative Drainage
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM. 2022;2022:1197495
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of different doses of tranexamic acid plus traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in hip arthroplasty in diabetic patients and the effect on intraoperative hemorrhage and postoperative drainage. METHODS One hundred patients admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to September 2021 were randomly divided into group B (n = 50) and group A (n = 50), and tranexamic acid was injected intravenously at a dose of 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg 30 min before skin incision, and then tranexamic acid 1.0 g was injected into the joint cavity through the drainage after incision closure, followed by 3 h of drainage clamping. The amount of blood loss, coagulation index, postoperative drainage, and incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) were compared between the groups. RESULTS Group A had significantly less total blood loss, dominant blood loss, and hidden blood loss than group B (P < 0.05). No significant difference in postoperative coagulation indexes and postoperative drainage flow was found between the two groups (P > 0.05). Serological examination results demonstrated no statistical difference in D-dimer (D-D) levels between the two groups. The absence of VTE in both groups was determined by imaging. CONCLUSION Tranexamic acid is effective in reducing intraoperative hemorrhage in diabetic patients undergoing hip arthroplasty. The dose of 20 mg/kg outperforms 10 mg/kg in terms of clinical efficacy with a favorable safety profile, which can be applied according to the patient's actual condition.
Erythropoietin Improves Poor Outcomes in Preterm Infants with Intraventricular Hemorrhage
CNS drugs. 2021
BACKGROUND Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is a common complication in preterm infants that has poor outcomes, especially in severe cases, and there are currently no widely accepted effective treatments. Erythropoietin has been shown to be neuroprotective in neonatal brain injury. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of repeated low-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) in preterm infants with IVH. METHODS This was a single-blinded prospective randomized controlled trial. Preterm infants ≤ 32 weeks gestational age who were diagnosed with IVH within 72 h after birth were randomized to receive rhEPO 500 IU/kg or placebo (equivalent volume of saline) every other day for 2 weeks. The primary outcome was death or neurological disability assessed at 18 months of corrected age. RESULTS A total of 316 eligible infants were included in the study, with 157 in the rhEPO group and 159 in the placebo group. Although no significant differences in mortality (p = 0.176) or incidence of neurological disability (p = 0.055) separately at 18 months of corrected age were seen between the rhEPO and placebo groups, significantly fewer infants had poor outcomes (death and neurological disability) in the rhEPO group: 14.9 vs. 26.4%; odds ratio (OR) 0.398; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.199-0.796; p = 0.009. In addition, the incidence of Mental Development Index scores of < 70 was lower in the rhEPO group than in the placebo group: 7.2 vs. 15.3%; OR 0.326; 95% CI 0.122-0.875; p = 0.026. CONCLUSIONS Treatment with repeated low-dose rhEPO improved outcomes in preterm infants with IVH. TRIAL REGISTRATION The study was retrospectively registered on ClinicalTrials.gov on 16 April 2019 (NCT03914690).
Erythropoietin prevents necrotizing enterocolitis in very preterm infants: a randomized controlled trial
Journal of translational medicine. 2020;18(1):308
BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most severe complications in very preterm infants, but there are currently no accepted methods to prevent NEC. Studies have shown that erythropoietin (EPO) has the potential to prevent NEC or improve outcomes of preterm NEC. This study aimed to determine whether recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) could protect against NEC in very preterm infants. METHODS The study was a prospective randomized clinical trial performed among four NICU centers. A total of 1327 preterm infants with gestational age ≤ 32 weeks were admitted to the centers, and 42 infants were excluded leaving 1285 eligible infants to be randomized to the rhEPO or control group. Infants in the rhEPO group were given 500 IU/kg rhEPO intravenously every other day for 2 weeks, while the control group was given the same volume of saline. The primary outcome was the incidence of NEC in very preterm infants at 36 weeks of corrected gestational age. RESULTS A total of 1285 infants were analyzed at 36 weeks of corrected age for the incidence of NEC. rhEPO treatment significantly decreased the incidence of NEC (stage I, II and III) (12.0% vs. 17.1%, p = 0.010), especially confirmed NEC (stage II and III) (3.0% vs. 5.4%, p = 0.027). Meanwhile, rhEPO treatment significantly reduced the number of red blood cells transfusion in the confirmed NEC cases (1.2 ± 0.4 vs. 2.7 ± 1.0, p = 0.004). Subgroup analyses showed that rhEPO treatment significantly decreased the incidence of confirmed NEC at gestational age < 28 weeks (p = 0.019), and the incidence of all stages NEC in preterm infants with hemoglobin < 90 g/l (p = 0.000) and 5 min Apgar score > 5 (p = 0.028). CONCLUSION Repeated low-dose rhEPO treatment is beneficial against NEC in very preterm infants. Trial registration The protocol was registered retrospectively at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03919500) on April 18, 2019. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03919500.
Effect of acute normovolemic hemodilution combined with controlled low central venous pressure on blood coagulation function and blood loss in patients undergoing resection of liver cancer operation
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This paper aims to investigate the effect of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) used with controlled low central venous pressure (LCVP) technology on perioperative bleeding and coagulation in hepatocellular carcinoma operation patients. METHODOLOGY A total of 60 cases undergoing hepatic resection operation were randomly divided into the control group, LCVP group (Group II), and ANH + LCVP group (Group III). The changes of hemodynamic indexes at different time points in each group were observed and recorded, along with the volume of allogenous blood transfusion and the number of patients undergoing allogenous blood transfusion. RESULTS Compared with Group I (control), there was evident reduction of the bleeding volume, allogenic blood transfusion volume, and number of patients undergoing allogenic blood transfusion in Groups II and III. CONCLUSION The application of ANH combined with LCVP in hepatic resection can evidently reduce intraoperative hemorrhages and homologous blood transfusions; moreover, it has no significant adverse effect on the coagulation function.
Effect of acute normovolemic hemodilution combined with controlled low central venous pressure on cerebral oxygen metabolism of patients with hepalobectomy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The effect of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) combined with controlled low central venous pressure (LCVP) on the cerebral oxygen metabolism of patients with hepalobectomy. METHODOLOGY Undergoing hepatic resection operation in 60 cases, were randomly divided into control group, LCVP group (Group II) and ANH + LCVP group (Group IIl). Before hemodilution (T1), decrease of CVP (T2) and increase of CVP (T3) and at the end of surgery (T4), the blood was sampled via the jugular vein bulb and radial artery for blood gas analysis. RESULTS Compared with group I, the CaO2 of group II at T3 and T4 was increased; in group III, CaO2 and Da-jvO2 at T2 and T3 were decreased, CjvO2 at T2 decreased, and CaO2 and CjvO2 at T4 increased. Compared with group II, CaO2, CjvO2 and Da-jvO2 of group III at T2 and T3 were decreased. CERO2 of the three groups at T3 and T4 were all decreased (P<0.05 or 0.01). The jugular venous oxygen saturation (SjvO2) and VADL of the three groups at each time point were all within the normal range. CONCLUSION The moderate ANH combined with LCVP had no adverse effect on the cerebral oxygen metabolism of the patients with the hepalobectomy.
Acute normovolemic hemodilution effects on perioperative coagulation in elderly patients undergoing hepatic carcinectomy
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP. 2013;14((8):):4529-32.
Background: Acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) has been widely used to prevent the massive blood loss during hepatic carcinoma. The influences of ANH on coagulation function are still controversy, especially in elderly patients. The study observed ANH effects on coagulation function and fibrinolysis in elderly patients undergoing the disease. Materials and Methods: Thirty elderly patients (aged 60-70 yr) with liver cancer (ASA I or II) taken hepatic carcinectomy from February 2007 to February 2008 were randomly divided into ANH group (n=15) and control group (n=15). After tracheal intubation, patients in ANH group and control group were infused with 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.4) and Ringer's solution, respectively. Blood samples were drawn from patients in both groups at five different time points: before anesthesia induction (T1), 30 min after ANH (T2), 1 h after start of operation (T3), immediately after operation (T4), and 24 h after operation (T5). Then coagulation function, soluble fibrin monomer complex (SFMC), prothrombin fragment (F1+2), and platelet membrane glycoprotein (CD62P and activated GP IIb/GP IIIa) were measured. Results: The perioperative blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion were recorded during the surgery. The perioperative blood loss was not significantly different between two groups (p>0.05), but the volume of allogeneic blood transfusion in ANH group was significantly less than in control group (350.0+/-70.7) mL vs. (457.0+/-181.3) mL (p<0.01). Compared with the data of T1, the prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) measured after T3 were significantly longer (p<0.05) in both groups, but within normal range. There were no significant changes of thrombin time (TT) and D-dimer between two groups at different time points (p>0.05). SFMC and F1+2 increased in both groups, but were not statistically significant. PAC-1-positive cells and CD62P expressions in patients of ANH group were significantly lower than those at T1 (p<0.05) and T2-T5 (p>0.05). Conclusions: ANH has no obvious impact on fibrinolysis and coagulation function in elderly patients undergoing resection of liver cancer. The study suggested that ANH is safe to use in elderly patients and it could reduce allogeneic blood transfusion.