Effectiveness of intravenous immunoglobulin for children with severe COVID-19: A rapid review
Annals of Translational Medicine. 2020
Background: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is usually used as supportive therapy, but the treatment of COVID-19 by IVIG is controversial This rapid review aims to explore the clinical effectiveness and safety of IVIG in the treatment of children with severe COVID-19 Methods: We systematically searched the literature on the use of IVIG in patients with COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), including both adults and children We assessed the risk of bias and quality of evidence and reported the main findings descriptively Results: A total of 1,519 articles were identified by initial literature search, and finally six studies met our inclusion criteria, included one randomized controlled trial (RCT), four case series and one case report involving 198 patients One case series showed the survival of COVID-19 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was not improved by IVIG One case report showed high-dose IVIG could improve the outcome of COVID-19 adults Three observational studies showed inconsistent results of the effect of IVIG on SARS patients One RCT showed that IVIG did not reduce mortality or the incidence of nosocomial infection in adults with severe SARS The quality of evidence was between low and very low Conclusions: The existing evidence is insufficient to support the efficacy or safety of IVIG in the treatment of COVID-19
Iron chelation therapy for myelodysplastic syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Clinical and experimental medicine. 2019
Iron overload remains a concern in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients especially those requiring recurrent blood transfusions. Whether iron chelating therapy (ICT) is beneficial to the long-term survival of myelodysplastic syndrome is still a controversial issue. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the relationship between ICT and long-term survival in patients with MDS. A total of 14 studies involving 7242 participants were identified; the outcomes revealed that for patients with MDS, ICT resulted in a lower risk of mortality compared to those with no ICT (HR 0.57; 95% CI 0.44-0.70; P < 0.001); what is more, ICT led to a lower risk of leukemia transformation (HR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52-0.93; P = 0.016). Results of subgroup analyses based on adequate ICT or any ICT, low/int-1 IPSS or unclassified IPSS and study types indicated that the ICT had a beneficial role in all these groups of patients.
Local mild hypothermia therapy as an augmentation strategy for minimally invasive surgery of hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2017;13:41-49.
BACKGROUND Previous studies reported that the mild hypothermia therapy (MHT) could significantly improve the clinical outcomes for patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH). Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to systematically assess whether the addition of local MHT (LMHT) could significantly improve the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in treating HICH. METHODS Randomized clinical trials on the combined application of MIS and LMHT (MIS+LMHT) vs MIS alone for treating HICH were searched up to September 2016 in databases. Response rate and mortality rate were the primary outcomes, and the neurologic function and Barthel index were the secondary outcomes. Side effects were also analyzed. RESULTS Totally, 28 studies composed of 2,325 patients were included to compare the efficacy of MIS+LMHT to MIS alone. The therapeutic effects of MIS+LMHT were significantly better than MIS alone. The pooled odds ratio of response rate and mortality rate was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI]=2.22-3.24) and 0.43 (95% CI=0.32-0.57), respectively. In addition, the MIS+LMHT led to a significantly better improvement in the neurologic function and activities of daily living. The incidence of pneumonia was similar between the two treatment methods. CONCLUSION These results indicated that compared to MIS alone, the MIS+LMHT could be more effective for the acute treatment of patients with HICH. This treatment modality should be further explored and optimized.
Efficacy and safety of thrombopoietin receptor agonists in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Scientific Reports. 2016;6:39003.
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disease characterized by increased platelet destruction and impaired platelet production. In this study, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the efficacy and safety of thrombopoietin receptor agonists (TPO-RAs) in primary ITP patients. Thirteen randomized controlled trials were included in this study, the pooled results of which demonstrated that TPO-RAs significantly increased platelet response (R) and durable response (DR) rates [risk ratio (RR): 2.77, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.01-3.82, P = 5.9 x 10-10; RR: 7.52, 95% CI: 3.94-14.35, P = 9.2 x 10-10; respectively] and that TPO-RAs significantly reduced the incidences of any or severe bleeding events (RR: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.67-0.95, P = 0.013; RR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.27-0.99, P = 0.048; respectively). Moreover, our results indicated that there was a significant reduction in the proportion of patients needing rescue medications in the TPO-RA groups compared with the control groups (RR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.42-0.59, P = 2.0 x 10-15) and that the rates of any or severe adverse events were similar between the TPO-RA and control regimens (RR: 1.01, 95% CI: 0.92-1.10; RR: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.54-1.01; respectively). These findings demonstrate that TPO-RAs are an effective and safe second-line treatment option for primary ITP patients.
Clinical study of Shengxuening tablet combined with rHuEPO for the treatment of renal anemia of maintenance hemodialysis patients
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine. 2016;12((1)):157-160.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the clinical effects of Shengxuening tablet (silkworm excrement) combined with recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) for the treatment of renal anemia of maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Seventy-two MHD patients with renal anemia were included in the study and randomly divided into the control (n=34) and observation (n=38) groups. Patients in the control group were treated by hypodermic injection of 100-150 U/(kg.w) rHuEPO and patients in the observation group were treated by rHuEPO + 1.0 g t.i.d. p.o. Shengxuening tablet. The two groups were assisted by conventional treatments including iron, folic acid, vitamin B12 and L-carnitine. After 3 and 6 months, improvement of anemia was compared. After 3 months, the hemoglobin, hematocrit, serum ferritin and transferrin saturation levels of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p<0.05). In addition, C-reactive protein and superoxide dismutase levels of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (p<0.05). After 6 months, indices of the observation group were ameliorated while the improvement of control group was not obvious, and indices of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (p<0.05). Consumption of rHuEPO in the observation group was significantly less than that of the control group, and the total effective rate was significantly higher than that of the control group (p<0.05). In conclusion, Shengxuening tablet combined with rHuEPO was safe and effective for the treatment of renal anemia of MHD patients.