Postoperative bleeding in essential thrombocytosis patients with colorectal cancer: Case report and literature review
International journal of surgery case reports. 2021;86:106374
INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by increased platelet count and a high risk of bleeding or thrombotic events due to platelet dysfunction. Patients with ET are treated according to their risk of complications with cytoreductive or anti-aggregant treatment. Neither guidelines for oncologic patients nor perioperative management of patients with ET have been determined. CASE PRESENTATION A 41-year-old female patient with ET who had alternating constipation and diarrhea was referred after a screening colonoscopy diagnosing a locally advanced rectosigmoid junction colon adenocarcinoma with liver metastases. Systemic preoperative chemotherapy was indicated. The patient underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection plus volume-preserving right lobectomy of the liver. Postoperative bleeding of the internal iliac artery (IIA) associated with hematoma at the lower pelvic cavity was diagnosed and treated by interventional radiology; the patient was discharged without other complications 16 days after surgery. CLINICAL DISCUSSION ET has been related to the development of hematologic complications or second non-hematologic malignancies. A systematic review was conducted to seek guidance for the management of such patients in the perioperative period. Special perioperative care must be taken, and complications management should avoid further hemorrhages or cloth formation. CONCLUSION Under oncologic and hematological guidance, minimally invasive surgery and non-invasive management of complications are advised in the lack of published perioperative management guidelines of ET patients with colorectal cancer.
Effect of tranexamic acid on transfusion requirement in dual antiplatelet-treated anemic patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery
Circulation Journal. 2012;76((1):):96-101.
BACKGROUND Anemia is not rare in patients presenting for coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and as these patients are frequently on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), the coexisting conditions could potentially increase the risk of bleeding and transfusion. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of tranexamic acid (TA) on blood loss and transfusion in preoperatively anemic patients who continued DAPT until within 5 days of off-pump CABG (OPCAB). METHODS AND RESULTS Seventy-six anemic patients were randomized into 2 groups: TA group receiving TA (1g bolus followed by infusion at 200mg/h) and a Control group receiving the same volume of saline. The amount of blood loss and transfusion requirement during, and at 4 and 24h after the operation were assessed. Patients' characteristics and operative data were similar between the groups. During the perioperative period, which combined the intraoperative and postoperative 24h data, the TA group received significantly smaller amounts of packed red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma. Total amount of perioperative blood loss was similar between the groups, although the blood loss during the postoperative 4h was significantly less in the TA group. CONCLUSIONS TA infusion could reduce the amount of transfusion during the perioperative period in patients with preoperative anemia who continue DAPT until within 5 days of OPCAB.