Effect of Preoperative Administration of Intravenous Ferric Carboxymaltose in Patients with Iron Deficiency Anemia after Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Journal of clinical medicine. 2023;12(5)
Patients scheduled for cardiac surgery often have anemia and iron deficiency. We investigated the effect of the preoperative administration of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (IVFC) in patients with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) who were due to undergo off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB). Patients who were due to undergo elective OPCAB between February 2019 and March 2022 who had IDA (n = 86) were included in this single center, randomized, parallel-group controlled study. The participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either IVFC or placebo treatment. Postoperative hematologic parameters [hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit, serum iron concentration, total iron-binding capacity, transferrin saturation, transferrin concentration, and ferritin concentration] and the changes in these parameters during the follow-up period were the primary and secondary outcomes, respectively. The tertiary endpoints were early clinical outcomes, such as the volume of mediastinal drainage and the need for blood transfusions. IVFC treatment significantly reduced the need for red blood cell (RBC) and platelet transfusions. Despite receiving fewer RBC transfusions, patients in the treatment group had higher levels of Hb, hematocrit, and serum iron and ferritin concentrations during weeks 1 and 12 after surgery. No serious adverse events occurred during the study period. Preoperative IVFC treatment in patients with IDA undergoing OPCAB improved the values of the hematologic parameters and iron bioavailability. Therefore, is a useful strategy for stabilizing patients prior to OPCAB.