Three-dimensional evaluation of the effects of injectable platelet rich fibrin (i-PRF) on alveolar bone and root length during orthodontic treatment: a randomized split mouth trial
BMC oral health. 2021;21(1):92
BACKGROUND The role of injectable platelet rich fibrin (i-PRF) in orthodontic treatment has not been investigated with focus on its effect on dental and bony periodontal elements. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of i-PRF in bone preservation and prevention of root resorption. METHODS A randomized split-mouth controlled trial included 21 patients aged 16-28 years (20.85 ± 3.85), who were treated for Class II malocclusion with the extraction of the maxillary first premolars. Right and left sides were randomly allocated to either experimental treated with i-PRF or control sides. After the leveling and alignment phase, the canines were retracted with 150gm forces. The i-PRF was prepared from the blood of each patient following a precise protocol, then injected immediately before canine retraction on the buccal and palatal aspects of the extraction sites. Localized maxillary cone beam computed tomography scans were taken before and after canine retraction to measure alveolar bone height and thickness and canine root length (indicative of root resorption), and the presence of dehiscence and fenestration. Paired sample t-tests and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used to compare the changes between groups. RESULTS No statistically significant differences in bone height, bone thickness were found between sides and between pre- and post-retraction period. However, root length was reduced post retraction but did not differ between sides. In both groups, postoperative dehiscence was observed buccally and palatally and fenestrations were recorded on only the buccal aspect. CONCLUSIONS I-PRF did not affect bone quality during canine retraction or prevent canine root resorption. I-PRF did not reduce the prevalence of dehiscence and fenestration. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov (identifier number: NCT03399760. 16/01/2018).
Effect of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement : A randomized split-mouth-controlled trial
Journal of orofacial orthopedics = Fortschritte der Kieferorthopadie : Organ/official journal Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Kieferorthopadie. 2021
BACKGROUND The role of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in accelerating orthodontic tooth movement has been controversially discussed in available clinical studies. OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of i‑PRF in accelerating maxillary canine retraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A split-mouth design was applied in 21 participants (6 men, 15 women; mean age: 20.85 ± 3.85 years) whose class II division I malocclusion required the extraction of both maxillary first premolars. The right and left canines were randomized into intervention and control sides. After the initial leveling and alignment phase and immediately before canine retraction, i‑PRF obtained from the brachial vein was injected into the mucosa on the buccal and palatal aspects of the intervention sides. The injection was repeated one month later. Study casts were taken at the initiation of canine retraction (T0) and at monthly visits up to 5 months (T1 through T5). The paired t‑test was used to compare the total and monthly rates of canine retraction, canine rotation, and anchorage loss. RESULTS The average rates of canine retraction were greater on the experimental side at T2, T3, and T4, but this difference with the control side was statistically significantly different only at T2 (P < 0.05). Differences in canine rotation and anchorage loss were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION The rates of canine retraction following the injection of platelet-rich fibrin were not statistically significantly greater on the experimental than the control sides except at the second month (T2). This apparently transient rate of tooth movement indicates that repeated injections might be needed for sustained effects, a premise meriting more focused research.