Clinical studies on platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy for chronic cutaneous ulcers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Advances in wound care. 2021
SIGNIFICANCE Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) may be a potential drug for treatment of chronic refractory ulcers, which increase the risk of systemic infection and local canceration. However, the efficacy and safety of clinical application of PRP are still controversial. Thus, this study was aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of PRP in patients with chronic ulcers. Recent Advances: For this meta-analysis, Cochrane's Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched. Results were pooled using a random-effects model. The primary outcome was the proportion of completely healed chronic ulcers. CRITICAL ISSUES Seventeen randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Compared with the control group, PRP significantly increased the fraction of healed ulcers (pooled RR =1.50; 95% CI 1.20 to 1.87; I2=47.8%). In autologous PRP (APRP) and homologous PRP (HPRP) subgroups, there were statistical differences between the control group vs. treatment subgroup (pooled RR=1.30, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.54, I2=25.7%; pooled RR=3.53, 95% CI 1.94 to 6.43, I2=0.0%, respectively). In terms of percent of chronic ulcers area healed, there was a statistically significant difference between the PRP-treated group vs. the control group (SMD=1.37, 95%CI=0.91 to 1.82, I2=22.1 %). As for PRP safety, there existed a statistically significant difference between the APRP subgroup and the HPRP subgroup, respectively (pooled RR=0.58; 95% CI 0.35 to 0.98; I2=0.0%) and (pooled RR=4.12; 95% CI 1.55 to 10.96; I2=6.8%). FUTURE DIRECTIONS Our findings shows that PRP may be a beneficial treatment of chronic skin ulcers and that APRP may be much safer than HPRP.
A new nomogram for individualized prediction of the probability of hemorrhagic transformation after intravenous thrombolysis for ischemic stroke patients
BMC neurology. 2020;20(1):426
BACKGROUND A reliable scoring tool to detect the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) after intravenous thrombolysis for ischemic stroke is warranted. The present study was designed to develop and validate a new nomogram for individualized prediction of the probability of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) in patients treated with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA). METHODS We enrolled patients who suffered from acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with IV rt-PA treatment in our emergency green channel between August 2016 and July 2018. The main outcome was defined as any type of intracerebral hemorrhage according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study II (ECASS II). All patients were randomly divided into two cohorts: the primary cohort and the validation cohort. On the basis of multivariate logistic model, the predictive nomogram was generated. The performance of the nomogram was evaluated by Harrell's concordance index (C-index) and calibration plot. RESULTS A total of 194 patients with complete data were enrolled, of whom 131 comprised the primary cohort and 63 comprised the validation cohort, with HT rate 12.2, 9.5% respectively. The score of chronic disease scale (CDS), the global burden of cerebral small vascular disease (CSVD), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ≥ 13, and onset-to-treatment time (OTT) ≥ 180 were detected important determinants of ICH and included to construct the nomogram. The nomogram derived from the primary cohort for HT had C- Statistics of 0.9562 and the calibration plot revealed generally fit in predicting the risk of HT. Furthermore, we made a comparison between our new nomogram and several other risk-assessed scales for HT with receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and the results showed the nomogram model gave an area under curve of 0.9562 (95%CI, 0.9221-0.9904, P < 0.01) greater than HAT (Hemorrhage After Thrombolysis), SEDAN (blood Sugar, Early infarct and hyper Dense cerebral artery sign on non-contrast computed tomography, Age, and NIHSS) and SPAN-100 (Stroke Prognostication using Age and NIHSS) scores. CONCLUSIONS This proposed nomogram based on the score of CDS, the global burden of CSVD, NIHSS score ≥ 13, and OTT ≥ 180 gives rise to a more accurate and more comprehensive prediction for HT in patients with ischemic stroke receiving IV rt-PA treatment.
The effects of platelet-rich plasma injection in knee and hip osteoarthritis: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
Clin Rheumatol. 2020
OBJECTIVE We conducted this updated meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of PRP in patients with knee or hip OA. METHOD PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared the efficacy of PRP with other intra-articular injections. The outcomes of interest included Western Ontario and McMaster (WOMAC), Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Harris Hip Score (HHS), and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC). RESULTS Twenty-four RCTs with 21 at knee OA and three at hip OA were included in this meta-analysis. The PRP injections significantly improved the WOMAC score, VAS score, IKDC score, and HHS score as compared with comparators. The WOMAC pain, stiffness, and physical function scores were also significantly better in the PRP group than in the control group. Most of the evaluated parameters that favored PRP were observed in knee OA but not in hip OA, at short-term (at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 months) but not long-term follow-up (at 18 months), in RCTs with low risk of bias. CONCLUSIONS Intra-articular PRP injection provided better effects than other injections for OA patients, especially in knee OA patients, in terms of pain reduction and function improvement at short-term follow-up.Key Points* This updated meta-analysis, based on great sample size and high-quality studies, evaluates the effects of PRP in patients with knee or hip OA.* Intra-articular PRP injection provided better effects than other injections for OA patients.* Most of the evaluated parameters that favored PRP were observed in knee OA at short term (at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12 months).
Effect of platelet-rich fibrin on the control of alveolar osteitis, pain, trismus, soft tissue healing, and swelling following mandibular third molar surgery: an updated systematic review and meta-analysis
International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 2020
The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on the control of alveolar osteitis (AO), pain, trismus, soft tissue healing, and swelling following mandibular third molar surgery. A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted through PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library up to May 2019. Randomized controlled studies conforming to the inclusion criteria were included. The record screening and data extraction were conducted by two authors independently. The risk of bias assessment was performed according to the guidelines recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. The quantitative analysis was performed using RevMan version 5.3. Nineteen studies were included in the systematic review and 17 studies were eligible for the meta-analysis. The use of PRF significantly reduced the incidence of AO and postoperative pain when compared to the controls (AO: relative risk 0.43, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.28 to 0.65, Z=3.90, P<0.0001 (I(2)=0%); pain: day 1, standardized mean difference (SMD) -1.12, 95% CI -1.87 to -0.37, Z=2.93, P=0.003 (I(2)=95%); day 3, SMD -0.93, 95% CI -1.48 to -0.38, Z=3.30, P=0.001 (I(2)=92%); day 7, SMD -1.84, 95% CI -2.98 to -0.71, Z=3.19, P=0.001 (I(2)=97%)). Additionally, the result showed a better soft tissue healing when PRF was used (mean difference -0.63, 95% CI -1.08 to -0.18, Z=2.76, P=0.006 (I(2)=90%)). The use of PRF reduced the incidence of AO and postoperative pain following third molar surgery. Furthermore, PRF may also improve the postoperative soft tissue healing.
rhTPO combined with chemotherapy and G-CSF for autologous peripheral blood stem cells in patients with refractory/relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Cancer management and research. 2019;11:8371-8377
Objective: The mobilization and collection of sufficient autologous peripheral blood stem cells (APBSCs) are important for the fast and sustained reconstruction of hematopoietic function after autologous transplantation. This study aims to evaluate the mobilization effect and safety of thrombopoietin (TPO) combined with chemotherapy + G-CSF for APBSCs in patients with refractory/relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Methods: A total of 78 patients were included in the present study. After receiving mobilization chemotherapy, all patients were randomly divided into two groups: TPO group (n=40), patients were given subcutaneous injection of rhTPO + G-CSF, and control group (n=38), patients were given subcutaneous injection of G-CSF. The primary endpoint was the total number of obtained CD34+ cells. The secondary endpoints were the mononuclear cell count, the proportion of target and minimum mobilization, the engraftment time of neutrophils and platelets after APBSCT, the number of platelet and red blood cell infusions, the incidence of infectious fever and fever duration, and TPO-related side effects in patients. Results: TPO participation significantly increased the total CD34+ cell count. A higher proportion of patients in the TPO group achieved the minimum and target CD34+ cells, when compared to the control group. TPO-related adverse events were not observed in either of these groups. In addition, there were no significant differences in engraftment time, the number of platelet and red blood cell transfusions, the incidence of infectious fever, and fever duration between these two groups. Conclusion: TPO combined with chemotherapy + G-CSF can safely and effectively enhance the mobilization effect for APBSCs in patients with refractory/relapsed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
Terlipressin for the treatment of acute variceal bleeding: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
BACKGROUND AND AIM Acute variceal bleeding (AVB) is life-threatening. We aimed to systematically review the current evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of terlipressin for AVB in liver cirrhosis. METHODS We searched the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. The reference list was also hand-searched. Using a random-effect model, we combined the data obtained according to the different time points when the events developed. Odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD) were calculated. Quality of evidence was evaluated by the GRADE methodology. RESULTS Thirty randomized controlled trials with 3344 patients were included. Compared with no vasoactive drug, terlipressin significantly improved the control of bleeding within 48 hours (OR = 2.94, P = .0008) and decreased the in-hospital mortality (OR = 0.31, P = .008). Compared with somatostatin, terlipressin had a significantly higher risk of complications (OR = 2.44, P = .04). Compared with octreotide, terlipressin had a significantly inferior control of bleeding within 24 hours (OR = 0.37, P = .007). Compared with vasopressin, terlipressin had a significantly lower risk of complications (OR = 0.15, P = .02). Compared with terlipressin combined with endoscopic variceal ligation, terlipressin alone had significantly higher 5-day treatment failure (OR = 14.46, P = .01) and transfusion requirements within 49 to 120 hours (WMD = 1.20, P = .002). No outcome was significantly different between terlipressin and sclerotherapy. Compared with balloon tamponade, terlipressin significantly decreased the 30-day rebleeding (OR = 0.05, P = .001) and transfusion requirements (WMD = -2.70, P = .02). Quality of evidence was very low to moderate. CONCLUSION Our findings were in accordance with the current recommendations regarding terlipressin for the treatment of AVB in cirrhosis. However, due to low quality of evidence, further studies are recommended.
Efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid in total hip replacement: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis of 25 randomized controlled trials
BACKGROUND Hip osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent musculoskeletal degenerative diseases in elderly. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is the most effective surgical treatment for end stage hip osteoarthritis. Tranexamic acid (TA) is a potent drug to reduce surgical blood loss in surgery, therefore, as a potential drug for application in THA. OBJECTIVES To identify the combined efficacy of TA administration in THA. A meta-analysis including 25 randomized controlled trials was conducted for generating synthesized effects. METHODS This meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analysis. A total of 25 Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included for meta-analysis. RESULTS The pooled results illustrated that total blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative blood loss, hemoglobin drop, transfusion rate, and average hospital stay were significantly lower than controls (standardized mean difference or odds ratio (OR) (95%CI): -0.87, (-1.13,-0.61), -0.68, (-0.96,-0.39), -1.41, (-2.24,-0.59), -1.11, (-1.63,-0.58), 0.28, (0.20,-0.38), -0.17, (-0.49,0.14), P < .05, respectively). Moreover, TA acts efficiently without increasing risk of thromboembolic events with OR = 1.14, 95%CI = 0.50-2.62, P = .75. Subgroup analysis indicated no statistically significant differences between a higher dose of topical TA (≥2 g or 15 mg/kg) or a lower dose (<2 g or 15 mg/kg). CONCLUSION The findings indicated that TA is clinically effective and safe in patients receiving total hip arthroplasty.
Effectiveness and safety of fixed-dose tranexamic acid in simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty: a randomized double-blind controlled trial
The Journal of Arthroplasty. 2016;31((11):):2471-2475
BACKGROUND Simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can lead to greater blood loss and higher risk of venous thromboembolism. The effectiveness and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in simultaneous bilateral TKAs have not been clearly defined. We presumed that a fixed dose of TXA may be a preferable alternative for ease of administration in patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TKAs. METHODS We prospectively randomized 120 primary simultaneous bilateral TKAs to a fixed dose of TXA or equivalent volume of normal saline intravenously. The primary outcome measure was total blood loss. The secondary outcome measures were blood transfusion rate, transfusion units, intraoperative blood loss, drainage volumes, hidden blood loss, maximum decline of hemoglobin, and postoperative suprapatellar girth increment. RESULTS There were statistically significant lower total blood loss, blood transfusion rate, drainage volumes, transfusion units, and maximum decline of hemoglobin in the TXA group than in the control group (P < .05), without increasing incidence of asymptomatic and symptomatic venous thromboembolism. However, TXA did not significantly reduce the hidden blood loss (P = .123). No differences were observed in suprapatellar girth increments between both groups on postoperative day 5 and week 6 (P = .251 and .299). CONCLUSION Fixed dose of TXA for patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral TKAs was effective and safe in reducing total blood loss and allogeneic blood transfusion needs without any additional thromboembolic risk. However, TXA administered intravenously did not significantly reduce the hidden blood loss.
Efficacy and safety of platelet-rich plasma for improving clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis
International Journal of Surgery (London, England). 2016;38:109-116
OBJECTIVE Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is extracted by centrifuging whole blood and characterized with a high concentration of platelets. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) versus placebo after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS The Electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched from inception to November, 2016 and any studies involving PRP versus placebo for patients prepared for TKA were selected by two reviewers. The primary endpoint is the range of motion (ROM), which represents the function after TKA. The Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index Bellamy (WOMAC), pain at 24 h, 48 h and 7 day are also assessed the effect of PRP on the function and pain after TKA. The complications of infection is also compiled to assess the safety of PRP. Stata 12.0 was used to synthesis the final results. RESULTS Eleven clinical trials with 1316 patients are included in the meta-analysis. The pooled results indicate that administration PRP significantly increase ROM on the third day (MD=4.72, 95 % CI 2.74, 6.69; P=0.000) and 3 month postoperatively (MD=7.55, 95 % CI 5.91, 9.19; P=0.000). There is no statistical difference between the two groups in terms of WOMAC questionnaire score in 3 months (MD=-4.88, 95 % CI -12.12, 2.41; P=0.190). There were no statistical significance between the two groups in pain intensity at 24 h, 48 h and 7 day. There is no statistically significant difference between the PRP versus placebo in terms of the occurrence of infection (RR=0.64, 95%CI: 0.19 approximately 2.14, P=0.464). CONCLUSION Current meta-analysis indicates that PRP is associated with increasing the ROM after TKA in short term and long term. What's more, PRP can also decrease the WOMAC score and pain intensity without increasing the occurrence of infection.
The use of a pneumatic tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty: a prospective, randomized study
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]. 2008;46((14):):1054-7.
OBJECTIVE To determine the value of the use of a pneumatic tourniquet in total knee arthroplasty. METHODS Sixty patients were prospectively randomized into 2 groups, one group underwent total knee replacement with a tourniquet (n = 30) and one without (n = 30). Operating time, blood loss, postoperative mean morphine requirement, swelling, ecchymosis, earlier straight-leg raising and postoperative knee flexion were measured in both groups. RESULTS There was no significant difference in the total blood loss between the 2 groups although the intraoperative blood loss was significantly greater in those without a tourniquet. The mean morphine requirement, postoperative swelling, scope of ecchymosis, earlier straight-leg raising and postoperative knee flexion in the patients that had surgery without a tourniquet were significantly better than those with a tourniquet. CONCLUSION Knee arthroplasty operation with the use of a tourniquet has only small benefits on the total blood loss, but hinder in patients' early postoperative rehabilitation exercises.