[Autologous versus homologous transfusion in cervico-fascial oncologic and ENT surgery]

Tunis Med. 2001 Mar;79(3):146-51.

The objective was to evaluate the interest of the normovolemic hemodilution (NVH) in cervico-facial oncologic and ENT surgery. It was a prospective, randomised and simple blind study having included A(n = 17) having benefitted before induction of a blood withdrawal of 6-8 ml.kg-1, substituted by an intravenous drip of colloid. B group (n = 21). The transfusional objective having been to assure for the two groups, during operative and in postoperative periods, a rate of Hb > or = 10 g.dl-1 and a rate of Ht > or = 30%. The two groups were comparable for the demographic and anesthetic characteristics, and the blood losses during operative period. A variation significantly more important between before and postoperative hemoglobin has been objectified in the group A. The infectious morbidity was significantly more elevated in the group A (23.5% versus 4%). The cost was distinctly more elevated in the hemodiluted group. The NVH doesn't seem to be an indication of choice in the cervico-facial and ENT oncologic surgery.

MESH HEADINGS: Aged; Blood Transfusion, Autologous; Ear; Female; Head and Neck Neoplasms; Health Care Costs; Hemodilution; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Nasal Cavity; Pharynx; Postoperative Complications; Prospective Studies; Single-Blind Method; Surgical Procedures, Operative
Study Details
Study Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Language: French
Credits: Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine