Study on the Effect of Nano Albumin Paclitaxel Combined with Carboplatin in the Treatment of Lung Squamous Cell Carcinoma

J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2020 Dec 1;20(12):7439-7443 doi: 10.1166/jnn.2020.18880.

This study aims to compare the efficacy and side effects of albumin-binding paclitaxel plus carboplatin (NAB PC) and paclitaxel plus carboplatin (PC) in the first-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 60 patients with advanced NSCLC diagnosed by histopathology or cytology were randomly divided into nab PC group (albumin-binding paclitaxel 130 mg/mL, D1, D; carboplatin AUC = 6, D1) and PC group (paclitaxel 175 mg/mL, D1; carboplatin AUC = 6, D1), one cycle every three weeks. RECIST 1.1 standard was used to evaluate the short-term objective efficacy, and who acute and subacute toxicity classification standard was used to evaluate the toxicity. The total effective rate (RR) and disease control rate (DCR) of NAB PC group were 40.0% and 80.0%, respectively, which were higher than 23.3% and 60.0% of the PC group, respectively. This difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). In squamous cell carcinoma, the RR of NAB PC group and PC group were 57.1% (8/14) and 23.1% (3/13) respectively, with a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05); in non-squamous cell carcinoma, the RR of the two groups were 25.0% (4/16) and 23.3% (4/17) without statistical significance (p > 0.05). The median progression free survival time of the NAB PC group and PC group was 6.5 and 5.9 months, respectively, with no significant difference (p>0.05). No significant difference arose in the incidence of grade III-IV toxicity between the two groups (p > 0.05). The incidence of neutropenia in the NAB PC group was higher than that in the PC group (p < 0.05). The therapeutic effect of paclitaxel combined with carboplatin in the treatment of advanced NSCLC is better, the effect of paclitaxel combined with carboplatin is better, and the side effects can be tolerated, which is worthy of clinical application. Patients are more satisfied with their care.

MESH HEADINGS: Albumins; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; Carboplatin; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell; Humans; Lung; Lung Neoplasms; Paclitaxel; Treatment Outcome
Study Details
Study Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Language: eng
Credits: Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine