Exchange transfusion in septic neonates with sclerema: effect on immunoglobulin and complement levels

Indian Pediatr. 1997 Jan;34(1):20-5.

To study the effect of exchange transfusion (ET) on the levels of immunoglobulins (Ig) and C3 in neonatal sepsis with sclerema.


Randomized controlled trial in a referral neonatal unit of a teaching hospital.


Consecutive culture positive septic neonates with sclerema were enrolled and were randomized to undergo ET (study group, n = 20) or no ET (controls, n = 20).


Mortality was 50% in the study group and 95% in controls. Gram negative organisms accounted for 85% in study group and 90% in controls. IgG, IgA and IgM levels rose significantly while C3 levels did not show significant rise 12-24 hours after ET. Ig and C3 levels did not change significantly in the controls.


ET with fresh whole blood in septicemic newborns with sclerema improves survival, particularly in the more premature group and significantly enhances, IgG, IgA and IgM levels.

MESH HEADINGS: Bacteremia; Complement System Proteins; Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood; Female; Humans; Immunoglobulins; Infant, Newborn; Infant, Premature; Male; Sclerema Neonatorum; Statistics, Nonparametric; Survival Rate
Study Details
Study Design: Randomised Controlled Trial
Language: English
Credits: Bibliographic data from MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine